Technology and the Environment in State-Socialist Hungary

An Economic History

  • Viktor Pál

About this book


This book explains how and why the state-socialist regime in Hungary used technology and propaganda to foster industrialization and the conservation of natural resources simultaneously. Further, this book explains why this process was ultimately a failure. By exploring the environmental pre-history of communist Hungary before analyzing the economic development of the Kádár regime, Pál investigates how economic and environmental policies and technology transfer were negotiated between the official communist ideology and the global economic reality of capitalist markets. Pál argues that the modernization project of the Kádár regime (1956–1990) facilitated ecological consciousness – at both an individual and societal level – which provoked great social unrest when positive environmental impact was not achieved.

Today, global issues of climate change, urban pollution, resource depletion, and overpopulation transcend political systems, but economic and environmental discourses varied greatly in the twentieth century. This volume is important reading for all those interested in economic and environmental history, as well as political science.


Kádár regime Eastern Europe Technological modernization Industrialisation Technological modernisation Industrialization Natural Resource Economics Environmental impact Authoritarian states Democratic states Ecological consciousness Propaganda Technology and the environment State-Socialist Hungary Hungarian Economic History

Authors and affiliations

  • Viktor Pál
    • 1
  1. 1.University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Finance, Business & Banking