Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Christine Hackenesch
    Pages 1-19 Open Access
  3. Christine Hackenesch
    Pages 49-97 Open Access
  4. Christine Hackenesch
    Pages 99-147 Open Access
  5. Christine Hackenesch
    Pages 149-192 Open Access
  6. Christine Hackenesch
    Pages 193-226 Open Access
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 227-261

About this book


This open access book analyses the domestic politics of African dominant party regimes, most notably African governments’ survival strategies, to explain their variance of opinions and responses towards the reforming policies of the EU. The author discredits the widespread assumption that the growing presence of China in Africa has made the EU’s task of supporting governance reforms difficult, positing that the EU’s good governance strategies resonate better with the survival strategies of governments in some dominant party regimes more so than others, regardless of Chinese involvement. Hackenesch studies three African nations – Angola, Ethiopia and Rwanda – which all began engaging with the EU on governance reforms in the early 2000s. She argues that other factors generally identified in the literature, such as the EU’s good governance strategies or economic dependence of the target country on the EU, have set additional incentives for African governments to not engage on governance reforms. 


Political Science EU China Africa Rwanda Ethiopia Angola survival strategy governance reform Economic dependence EU good governance strategy Paul Kagame 2005 Ethiopian general election African oil revenues authoritarian regimes party regimes Open Access

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)BonnGermany

About the authors

Christine Hackenesch is Senior Researcher at the German Development Institute (DIE). Her research focuses on EU external relations, Sino–African relations and the domestic politics of African authoritarian regimes. 

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Finance, Business & Banking


“This book makes a key and original contribution towards a growing strand of research moving beyond a eurocentric approach to studying EU external relations.” (Jan Orbie, Ghent University, Belgium)