Exposure to Microbiological Agents in Indoor and Occupational Environments

  • Carla Viegas
  • Susana Viegas
  • Anita Gomes
  • Martin Täubel
  • Raquel Sabino

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Indoor Exposure to Microorganisms with Emphasis on Occupational Environments

  3. Sampling and Analysis Approaches in Indoor Microbial Assessments

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 83-83
    2. Tiina Reponen
      Pages 85-96
    3. Edna Ribeiro, Isabel Faria
      Pages 97-108
    4. Jacob Mensah-Attipoe, Martin Täubel
      Pages 109-127
    5. Edna Ribeiro, Céu Leitão, Elisabete Cristovam, Ana Dias
      Pages 129-155
  4. Microbial Cell Wall Components, Secondary Metabolites and Health Implications upon Exposure

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 157-157
    2. Ioannis Basinas, Grethe Elholm, Inge M. Wouters
      Pages 159-190
    3. Kati Huttunen, Merja Korkalainen
      Pages 213-234
  5. Microbial Exposures and Health Effects in Specific Indoor Settings

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 235-235
    2. Martin Täubel, Hanna K. Leppänen
      Pages 253-287
    3. Lidia Casas
      Pages 289-302
    4. Jean-Pierre Gangneux
      Pages 303-319
    5. Ana Monteiro, Sandra Cabo Verde
      Pages 321-328
    6. Edna Ribeiro
      Pages 329-332
  6. Occupational Settings with Potential High Microbial Exposure

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 333-333
    2. Carla Viegas, Lenka Smajdova, Tiago Faria, Anita Quintal Gomes, Susana Viegas
      Pages 335-359
  7. Antimicrobial Resistances in Specific Environments

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 391-391
    2. Raquel Sabino
      Pages 393-402
    3. Vera Manageiro, Vanessa Salgueiro, Eugénia Ferreira, Manuela Caniça
      Pages 403-415

About this book


This book intends to provide information about detection and health effects due to bacteria, fungi and viruses in indoor environments. The book will cover also information about preventive and protective measures to avoid health-hazardous. Case studies will be also addressed to enrich the book with the expertise of each invited author. The book also intends to fill a gap regarding information about all biologic agents, since most of the books available are dedicated to only one type of microorganisms.

For various different biologic agents and metabolites this book will compile information about indoors presence, detection methods, exposure assessment and health effects. Several problems regarding the exposure of biologic agents will be presented through case studies, and also the implementation of preventive and protective measures to avoid/minimize exposure. Besides, all the book will focus on occupational health and/or public health point of view.


Endotoxins and glucans Indoor air quality Indoor biologic agents Indoor microbes Mycotoxins Occupational exposure

Editors and affiliations

  • Carla Viegas
    • 1
  • Susana Viegas
    • 2
  • Anita Gomes
    • 3
  • Martin Täubel
    • 4
  • Raquel Sabino
    • 5
  1. 1.Lisbon School of Health Technology Environment and Health RGPolytechnic Institute of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Lisbon School of Health Technology Environment and Health RGPolytechnic Institute of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.Lisbon School of Health Technology Polytechnic Institute of LisbonUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  4. 4.Department Health ProtectionNational Institute for Health & WelfareKuopioFinland
  5. 5.National Health Institute PortugalLisbonPortugal

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing
Health & Hospitals
Consumer Packaged Goods