© 2017

Environmental Policy, Non-Product Related Process and Production Methods and the Law of the World Trade Organization


  • In depth PPM case analysis in the environmental context

  • Hohfeldian legal analysis to uncover the real scope of WTO obligations

  • Placed in the context of the wider debate on WTO legitimacy and the future of the world trading system

  • Focus on sovereign regulatory space


Part of the European Yearbook of International Economic Law book series (EUROYEAR, volume 1)

Also part of the EYIEL Monographs - Studies in European and International Economic Law book sub series (EYIELMONO, volume 1)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Amber Rose Maggio
    Pages 1-2
  3. Amber Rose Maggio
    Pages 3-19
  4. Amber Rose Maggio
    Pages 41-86
  5. Amber Rose Maggio
    Pages 125-170
  6. Amber Rose Maggio
    Pages 171-185
  7. Amber Rose Maggio
    Pages 187-210
  8. Amber Rose Maggio
    Pages 211-228
  9. Amber Rose Maggio
    Pages 229-244
  10. Amber Rose Maggio
    Pages 245-249
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 251-258

About this book


This book explores the legal regime of non-product related process and production methods (NPR PPMs) in the context of trade-restrictive environmental measures, eco-labelling requirements and sanitary measures under the WTO. These issues serve as concrete, representative examples that raise broader questions about the legitimacy of the WTO dispute settlement system and help to explore the true position of WTO members in this complex legal regime.
NPR PPMs are process and production methods that do not affect the product as such, meaning that there is no discernible difference in two products with different NPR PPMs. This work examines WTO states’ attempts to regulate in this regard and create product distinctions on the basis of NPR PPMs. To do so, it scrutinizes historical, institutional, substantive and case-law issues related to NPR PPMs, environmental policy and the WTO. Further, the book addresses the issues of legitimacy, regulatory space and reform, contributing to the lively debate on the future of the WTO.


Trade Environment Policy Process and Prodcution Methods WTO

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of LawHeidelbergGermany

Bibliographic information

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