Conflicting Philosophies and International Trade Law

Worldviews and the WTO

  • Michael Burkard

Part of the Philosophy, Public Policy, and Transnational Law book series (PPPTL)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Michael Burkard
    Pages 1-7
  3. Being Determines Consciousness

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-14
    2. Michael Burkard
      Pages 15-33
    3. Michael Burkard
      Pages 35-134
    4. Michael Burkard
      Pages 135-154
    5. Michael Burkard
      Pages 155-207
    6. Michael Burkard
      Pages 209-262
  4. The Science-Based Approach of the SPS Agreement in Particular

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 263-263
    2. Michael Burkard
      Pages 265-286
    3. Michael Burkard
      Pages 287-302
    4. Michael Burkard
      Pages 303-338
  5. Future Prospects for Regulation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 339-340
    2. Michael Burkard
      Pages 341-346
    3. Michael Burkard
      Pages 347-352
    4. Michael Burkard
      Pages 353-430
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 431-442

About this book


This book reveals how conflicting worldviews are at the root of public controversies on policy and trade issues. It highlights the particularly controversial disputes at the level of the World Trade Organization in the case of regulating beef-hormones and GMOs, aiming to show how negotiators of international agreements, members of dispute settlement bodies, and policy makers in general could have recourse to concepts of other disciplines such as epistemology and philosophy in order to address deadlocked legal disputes. Ultimately, the book is a manifesto for independent and critical research. 


epistemology trade liberalisation trade policy protectionism SPS Agreement WTO agriculture regulation positivist relativist

Authors and affiliations

  • Michael Burkard
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of European and International Economic LawUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland

Bibliographic information