© 2017

Surrogate Motherhood Families


  • Presents an unusual alternative approach to surrogacy

  • Defies tradition, biological, psychological and social norms in regards to reproduction

  • Examines the historical and global trajectory of surrogacy, both legally and emotionally


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Surrogate Motherhood in Historical, Theoretical, Research and Organisational Contexts

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-4
    2. Olga B. A. van den Akker
      Pages 39-58
    3. Olga B. A. van den Akker
      Pages 59-74
  3. Research on Surrogate Mothers, Commissioning Parents, Parenting and the Surrogate Offspring

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 75-77
    2. Olga B. A. van den Akker
      Pages 79-117
    3. Olga B. A. van den Akker
      Pages 119-145
    4. Olga B. A. van den Akker
      Pages 147-168
    5. Olga B. A. van den Akker
      Pages 169-194
  4. Cross Border Surrogacy, Ethical, Moral, Human Rights Contexts and Legal Frameworks

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 195-197
    2. Olga B. A. van den Akker
      Pages 199-230
    3. Olga B. A. van den Akker
      Pages 269-305
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 307-321

About this book


This comprehensive book covers the research, theory, policy and practice context of unusual reproduction using third parties. Olga Van den Akker details the psychological adaptation required to continuing changes in public opinion, advances in technologies and new legislations in surrogate motherhood and discusses their impact at an individual, societal and global level. She describes the competing interests and interactions between legal, organisational, personal, social, psychological and cultural issues in relation to biological and genetic surrogate and commissioning parenthood. This book is intended for professionals, practitioners, academics and students interested in the complexities of unusual reproduction using multidisciplinary perspectives.


Family Surrogate Parenting Gestational Surrogacy Genetic surrogacy Altruistic surrogacy Commercial surrogacy Commodification of surrogacy Altruism Attitudes towards surrogacy Extreme surrogacy Non-traditional families Child development gamete donation Ethics in Surrogacy commissioning parenthood

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.PsychologyMiddlesex UniversityLondonUnited Kingdom

About the authors

Olga B.A. van den Akker is a professor of health psychology at Middlesex University, UK. She has previously authored two books: The Complete Guide to Infertility: Diagnosis, treatment, options (2002) and Reproductive Health Psychology (2012) and co-edited the Handbook of Diet, Nutrition in the Menstrual Cycle, Preconceptions and Fertility (2014). She has also written numerous chapters, reports, scientific journal articles and presented at scientific conferences and national and international media providing expert information and advice on a range of reproductive health matters.

Bibliographic information