Controlling the Electoral Marketplace

How Established Parties Ward Off Competition

  • Joost van Spanje

Part of the Political Campaigning and Communication book series (PCC)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Joost van Spanje
    Pages 1-16
  3. Joost van Spanje
    Pages 143-164
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 165-182

About this book


This book studies how established political parties react to the far left and far right parties that have surged in many democracies worldwide. While some of the extremist parties are being imitated in response, established parties can also choose to systematically rule out all political cooperation with them, imposing a cordon sanitaire. A third response by established parties combines these two reactions. How common are these three responses, and how do they affect far left and far right parties’ electoral support? This book addresses these questions by analyzing experimental and non-experimental data from fifteen European countries since 1944. In doing so, it informs scientific and public debates about challenges to established parties, how these parties deal with these challenges, and what the consequences are for the quality of democracy in contemporary democratic societies.


Parrot Parties far-right politics far-left politics political extremism electoral support for fringe parties influence of fringe political parties impact of political extremism on mainstream politics political campaigning co-optation of extreme policy ideas boycotting of extreme policy ideas ostracism of fringe parties

Authors and affiliations

  • Joost van Spanje
    • 1
  1. 1.University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information