© 2017

Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region

A Perspective from Economics

  • Ranjula Bali Swain


  • Features contributions from experts in Sweden, Poland and Estonia

  • Explores the economics of eutrophication

  • Considers environmental protection in a cross country setting


About this book


This book explores environmental challenges in the Baltic region from an economic perspective. Featuring contributions by regional experts from Nordic, Baltic and Eastern European countries it addresses the response to eutrophication caused by increased nutrients in the sea from agriculture, wastewater, industry and traffic. It then proposes cost-effective solutions to reach the Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP) targets set up through the Helsinki Commission (HELCOM).

Contributions also explore the environmental impacts of rural landscape change during the post-communist period in the Baltic Sea region and review the ex-post evaluations of the costs and benefits generated by Baltic Sea nutrient abatement policies. Public policies towards marine protection, wind power establishment, and attitudes to paying for environmental protection, environmental resilience and the international cooperation in the Baltic region are also discussed.


The Baltic Sea Climate change Eutrophication HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan BSAP Marine Strategy Framework Directive MSFD Marine protection Wind power Cyanobacterial Blooms Environmental protection Environmental Resilience

Editors and affiliations

  • Ranjula Bali Swain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsSödertörn University Department of EconomicsUppsalaSweden

About the editors

Ranjula Bali Swain is a Professor of Economics at the School of Social Science, Södertörn University, Sweden, and a Visiting Professor at Misum (the Mistra Center for Sustainable Markets) at the Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden. She is also affiliated to Uppsala University and the Center for European Research in Microfinance (Cermi) at the Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management. Her main research interests are in environmental economics, microeconometrics and development economics. Bali Swain has a Doctorate in Economics from Uppsala University, and has worked for the International Labour Organisation (ILO), Geneva in the past.

Bibliographic information

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