© 2017

On Reasoning and Argument

Essays in Informal Logic and on Critical Thinking

  • Brings together four decades of work by this well-respected author in argumentation studies

  • Includes many papers that are not readily available or have not been widely published

  • A "must read" for students of argumentation in Communication or Philosophy graduate programmes

  • Facilitates the assessment of Hitchcock’s body of work as a whole


Part of the Argumentation Library book series (ARGA, volume 30)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvii
  2. Deduction, Induction and Conduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. David Hitchcock
      Pages 3-20
    3. David Hitchcock
      Pages 21-29
    4. David Hitchcock
      Pages 31-36
  3. Material Consequence

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 37-37
    2. David Hitchcock
      Pages 39-56
    3. David Hitchcock
      Pages 81-95
    4. David Hitchcock
      Pages 97-114
    5. David Hitchcock
      Pages 115-146
    6. David Hitchcock
      Pages 147-160
    7. David Hitchcock
      Pages 161-186
  4. Patterns of Reasoning

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 187-187
    2. David Hitchcock
      Pages 189-200
    3. David Hitchcock
      Pages 201-214
    4. David Hitchcock
      Pages 215-224
    5. David Hitchcock
      Pages 225-236
    6. David Hitchcock
      Pages 237-248
    7. David Hitchcock
      Pages 249-275

About this book


This book brings together in one place David Hitchcock’s most significant published articles on reasoning and argument. In seven new chapters he updates his thinking in the light of subsequent scholarship. Collectively, the papers articulate a distinctive position in the philosophy of argumentation.

Among other things, the author:
• develops an account of “material consequence” that permits evaluation of inferences without problematic postulation of unstated premises.
• updates his recursive definition of argument that accommodates chaining and embedding of arguments and allows any type of illocutionary act to be a conclusion. 
• advances a general theory of relevance.
• provides comprehensive frameworks for evaluating inferences in reasoning by analogy, means-end reasoning, and appeals to considerations or criteria.
• argues that none of the forms of arguing ad hominem is a fallacy.
• describes proven methods of teaching critical thinking effectively.


David Hitchcock Reasoning and Argument J. Anthony Blair Deduction, induction and conduction Types of validity linked-convergent distinction Material consequence Enthymematic arguments Toulmin's warrants Counter-factuals Patterns of reasoning Reasoning by analogy Argumentation schemes

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyMcMaster University Department of PhilosophyHamiltonCanada

About the authors

David Hitchcock, professor emeritus of philosophy at McMaster University, is the founding president of the Association for Informal Logic and Critical Thinking, author of Critical Thinking (Methuen, 1983), co-author of Evidence-Based Practice: Logic and Critical Thinking in Medicine (AMA Press, 2005), and co-editor of Arguing on the Toulmin Model (Springer, 2006).

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title On Reasoning and Argument
  • Book Subtitle Essays in Informal Logic and on Critical Thinking
  • Authors David Hitchcock
  • Series Title Argumentation Library
  • Series Abbreviated Title Argumentation Library
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy Philosophy and Religion (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-53561-6
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-85184-6
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-53562-3
  • Series ISSN 1566-7650
  • Series E-ISSN 2215-1907
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XXVII, 553
  • Number of Illustrations 1 b/w illustrations, 6 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Philosophy of Language
    Classical Studies
  • Buy this book on publisher's site