© 2017

Reforming Civil-Military Relations in New Democracies

Democratic Control and Military Effectiveness in Comparative Perspectives

  • Aurel Croissant
  • David Kuehn
  • Demonstrates the pressing need for reforms in military and defense policy-making

  • Systematically links the challenge of democratic control of armed forces with the issue of military effectiveness

  • Offers state-of-the art country-based analyses of military reforms in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, and the Mediterranean


About this book


This book addresses the challenge of reforming defense and military policy-making in newly democratized nations. By tracing the development of civil-military relations in various new democracies from a comparative perspective, it links two bodies of scholarship that thus far have remained largely separate:  the study of emerging (or failed) civilian control over armed forces on the one hand; and work on the roots and causes of military effectiveness to guarantee the protection and security of citizens on the other. The empirical and theoretical findings presented here will appeal to scholars of civil-military relations, democratization and security issues, as well as to defense policy-makers.


Civil-Military Relations Civilian Control Military Effectiveness Democratization Security Sector Reform Military Coup

Editors and affiliations

  • Aurel Croissant
    • 1
  • David Kuehn
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Political ScienceHeidelberg UniversityHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Political ScienceHeidelberg UniversityHeidelbergGermany

About the editors

Prof. Dr. Aurel Croissant is Full Professor at the Institute of Political Science Heidelberg University. Before he joined Heidelberg University, he taught Comparative Politics at the Naval Postgraduate School’s National Security Affairs Department in Monterey. His main areas of research include democratization studies, civil-military relations, conflict studies, comparative authoritarianism studies and the politics of East and Southeast Asia. His publications appeared in English, German, Korean, Spanish, Indonesian and Russian. Since 2012, he is co-editor of the journal Democratization (with Jeffrey Haynes) at Taylor & Francis.

Dr. David Kuehn is Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Political Science, Heidelberg University, Germany. His research focuses on democratization and authoritarianism, especially the military’s role in democratic transitions, the consolidation or breakdown of democracies, and the survival of authoritarian leaders. Next to these substantive topics, he is particularly interested in questions of social science methodology, especially concerning the fruitful combination of deductive theory and qualitative and quantitative empirical research methods. Since 2013, he is co-editor in charge of book reviews of the academic journal Democratization.

Bibliographic information


“The edited book by Aurel Croissant and David Kuehn provides significant insights into how civil–military relations are managed through civilian control and military effectiveness. … highly recommended to anyone interested in the dynamics of democracy in Southeast Asia, particularly the role of the military in the recent transition and post-democratisation periods.” (Hipolitus Yolisandry Ringgi Wangge, Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, Vol. 36 (2), 2017)