© 2017

Language Policy Beyond the State

  • Maarja Siiner
  • Kadri Koreinik
  • Kara D. Brown


  • An up-to-date analysis of language policy as a multilayered process, both within and beyond the state

  • An overview of research methods that highlight the complexity of language policy research

  • Current and rigorous research brings an international perspective to the investigation and analysis of language policy in Estonia and beyond


Part of the Language Policy book series (LAPO, volume 14)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Kara D. Brown, Kadri Koreinik, Maarja Siiner
    Pages 1-21
  3. Spatial Reconsiderations: State Decentered by Migration and Globalization

  4. Temporal Reconsiderations: State Decentered by Enduring Connections and New Patterns

About this book


Language Policy beyond the State invites readers to (re-)consider the ways language policy is constituted, taken up, and researched if we look within and past the state. Contributors to this edited volume draw attention to language policy as always in the making, focusing on agency, on-the-ground practices, and ideologies. The chapters of the book reveal how simultaneous, and at times contradicting, language policies exist within a state and explore the complex roles played by families, businesses, educational institutions, and media in generating and appropriating these policies. 

By moving away from language policy analysis concerned primarily with how official state policies address well-defined language problems, some of the contributions of the volume highlight how the problems themselves can be ideological artifacts or are discursively constructed in language ideological debates that are provoked by changes in the geopolitical situation in the region. Using qualitative and descriptive research, the book uses Estonia as a setting to examine the ways historic and contemporary populations navigate language policies in both local and transnational spaces. As a whole, the collection speaks eloquently and powerfully to current efforts to understand and map the ways multiple institutions and individuals—not just the state—play an active role in forming and taking up language policies. 


Estonia as part of northern Europe borderland Russian-speakers in Estonia ecology of language ethnography of language policy ethnolinguistic vitality in Estonia family language policy globalization in the former Soviet states immigration in the Baltic states inter-generational language transmission internationalization in Eastern Europe language education policy in Estonia language policies and nation states multilingualism in Estonia national identity development and language policy

Editors and affiliations

  • Maarja Siiner
    • 1
  • Kadri Koreinik
    • 2
  • Kara D. Brown
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Multilingualism in Society across the LifespanUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  2. 2.Institute of Estonian and General LinguisticsUniversity of TartuTartuEstonia
  3. 3.Educational StudiesUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA

About the editors

Maarja Siiner, Ph.D., is a research affiliate at the University of Oslo, Center for Multilingualism in Society across the Lifespan, where she studied discourses on dementia and immigrants in the project Language and Communication in Multilingual Speakers with Dementia in Norway. She has previously served as a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Copenhagen, Centre for Internationalization and Parallel Language Use, studying institutional responses to internationalization at the University of Copenhagen. Her previous research includes studies of language management in Swedish multinational companies operating in Estonia, carried out at Lund University and cross-country comparisons of the interrelatedness of language policy developments and the democratization and decentralization processes in Scandinavia and Baltics.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Language Policy Beyond the State
  • Editors Maarja Siiner
    Kadri Koreinik
    Kara D. Brown
  • Series Title Language Policy
  • Series Abbreviated Title Language Policy
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Education Education (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-52991-2
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-85033-7
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-52993-6
  • Series ISSN 1571-5361
  • Series E-ISSN 2452-1027
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XII, 245
  • Number of Illustrations 18 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Educational Policy and Politics
    Language Education
    International Relations
  • Buy this book on publisher's site