© 2017

Societies, Social Inequalities and Marginalization

Marginal Regions in the 21st Century

  • Raghubir Chand
  • Etienne Nel
  • Stanko Pelc

Part of the Perspectives on Geographical Marginality book series (PGEO)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Raghubir Chand, Etienne Nel, Stanko Pelc
    Pages 1-9
  3. Poverty, Social Inequalities and Marginalization

  4. Indigenous Communities, Identity, Livelihood Practices and Biodiversity

  5. Migration and Depopulation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 233-233
    2. R. C. S. Taragi, Raghubir Chand
      Pages 255-270

About this book


This book provides an overview of marginality or marginalization, as a concept, characterizing a situation of impediments – social, political, economic, physical, and environmental – that impact the abilities of many people and societies to improve their human condition. It examines a wide range of examples and viewpoints of societies struggling with poverty, social inequality and marginalization. 

Though the book will be especially interesting for those looking for insights into the situation and position of ethnic groups living in harsh mountainous conditions in the Himalayan region, examples from other parts of the world such as Kyrgyzstan, Israel, Switzerland and Finland provide an opportunity for comparison of marginality and marginalization from around the world. Also addressed are issues such as livelihood, outmigration and environmental threats, taking into account the c

onditions, scale and perspective of observation.

Throughout the text, particular attention is given to the context and concept of ‘marginalization’, which sadly remains a persistent reality of human life. It is in this context that this book seeks to advance our global understanding of what marginalization is, how it is manifested and what causes it, while also proposing remedial strategies.


Marginality Marginalization Poverty Social Inequalities Indigenous Communities Livelihood Practices Migrations and Depopulation

Editors and affiliations

  • Raghubir Chand
    • 1
  • Etienne Nel
    • 2
  • Stanko Pelc
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of GeographyKumaun UniversityNainitalIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand
  3. 3.Faculty of EducationUniversity of PrimorskaKoper-CapodistriaSlovenia

About the editors

Raghubir Chand’s primary research interests are in mountain geography with regard to the Himalayan environment and landscape ecology, socio-economic and demographic transformation of Himalayan societies, migration studies, agricultural productivity, cultural geography, environmental and livelihood support systems of tribal communities of Bhutan and other parts of the western Himalayas. He has published three books including Brokpas: The Himalayan Highlanders of Bhutan (2004) and Globalization and Marginalization in Mountain Regions (Springer, 2016). He has published 80 papers in various national and international journals. Further, he serves on the editorial board and is one of the founder members of PAHAR—a research journal of the People’s Association for Himalaya Area Research based in Nainital, India.

Etienne Nel has research interests in regional, local and community economic development. He is currentl

y the Managing Editor of the journal New Zealand Geographer and the Commissioning Editor for the journals Local Economy and Journal of Geography in Higher Education. He has edited/authored eight books and is currently engaged in two book projects with Routledge.

Stanko Pelc has been involved in rural development and planning of transportation systems; at present, he teaches at the geography department as well as at the departments of pre-school and primary education. His research interests cover many different fields such as demography, transportation geography, local and regional development, marginality and marginalization, especially its social dimension and in the educational context. He has edited two books; he is the author of one book and one university textbook (all in Slovenian) and has contributed several chapters to books in English/German. He has recently published an online book about Slovenia’s urban population.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Societies, Social Inequalities and Marginalization
  • Book Subtitle Marginal Regions in the 21st Century
  • Editors Raghubir Chand
    Etienne Nel
    Stanko Pelc
  • Series Title Perspectives on Geographical Marginality
  • Series Abbreviated Title Perspectives on Geographical Marginality
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Social Sciences Social Sciences (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-50997-6
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-84541-8
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-50998-3
  • Series ISSN 2367-0002
  • Series E-ISSN 2367-0010
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XIX, 311
  • Number of Illustrations 12 b/w illustrations, 58 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Human Geography
    Social Structure, Social Inequality
    Geography, general
    Social Anthropology
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