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Iodine Deficiency Disorders and Their Elimination

  • Elizabeth N. Pearce

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. J. Woody Sistrunk, Frits van der Haar
    Pages 1-13
  3. Zheng Feei Ma, Sheila A. Skeaff
    Pages 15-28
  4. Małgorzata Gizak, Jonathan Gorstein, Maria Andersson
    Pages 29-43
  5. Eduardo A. Pretell, Chandrakant Pandav, Regional Co-ordinator South Asia Iodine Global Network
    Pages 45-57
  6. Creswell J. Eastman, Mu Li
    Pages 59-74
  7. Angela M. Leung
    Pages 75-89
  8. Frits van der Haar
    Pages 91-104
  9. Peter Laurberg, Lone Banke Rasmussen
    Pages 105-120
  10. Peter N. Taylor, Onyebuchi E. Okosieme
    Pages 121-140
  11. Elizabeth N. Pearce, Lewis E. Braverman
    Pages 141-153
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 155-158

About this book

Introduction

Iodine is an essential micronutrient and an integral component of the thyroid hormones, which are required for normal growth and development. The iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) encompass a spectrum of adverse health effects including goiter, cretinism, hypothyroidism, growth retardation, and increased pregnancy loss and infant mortality. This volume summarizes the current understanding of the effects of iodine deficiency as well as iodine excess. It also discusses best practices for salt iodization, the mainstay of global IDD prevention efforts, and other forms of food fortification. The effectiveness of iodine supplementation for vulnerable populations, an evolving strategy in many regions, is also described. Low level environmental exposure to chemicals such as perchlorate and thiocyanate, which competitively block thyroidal iodine uptake, appears to be ubiquitous worldwide. There has been recent concern that such environmental exposures might pose a health hazard by inducing or aggravating underlying thyroid dysfunction. This up-to-date volume explores both the effects of iodine deficiency as well as the best strategies for IDD prevention.

Keywords

thyroidal iodine iodine nutrition salt iodization environmental iodine uptake inhibitors goiter cretinism

Editors and affiliations

  • Elizabeth N. Pearce
    • 1
  1. 1.Boston University School of MedicineBostonUSA

Bibliographic information

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