© 2017

Energy and Matter Fluxes of a Spruce Forest Ecosystem

  • Thomas Foken


  • Highlights various aspects of the change from an intact to a disturbed ecosystem

  • Provides insights into the functioning of an ecosystem as a whole

  • Offers ideas for further research


Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 229)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Thomas Foken, John Tenhunen
      Pages 3-18
    3. Thomas Foken, Pedro Gerstberger, Katharina Köck, Lukas Siebicke, Andrei Serafimovich, Johannes Lüers
      Pages 19-38
  3. Studies of Long-Term Measurements

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 39-39
    2. Johannes Lüers, Barbara Grasse, Thomas Wrzesinsky, Thomas Foken
      Pages 41-72
    3. Wolfgang Babel, Johannes Lüers, Jörg Hübner, Corinna Rebmann, Bodo Wichura, Christoph K. Thomas et al.
      Pages 73-96
  4. Experimental Studies of Energy and Matter Fluxes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 97-97
    2. Barbara Köstner, Eva Falge, Martina Alsheimer
      Pages 99-112
    3. Christoph K. Thomas, Andrei Serafimovich, Lukas Siebicke, Tobias Gerken, Thomas Foken
      Pages 113-135
    4. Christina Bogner, Britta Aufgebauer, Oliver Archner, Bernd Huwe
      Pages 137-156
    5. Matthias Sörgel, Michael Riederer, Andreas Held, Daniel Plake, Zhilin Zhu, Thomas Foken et al.
      Pages 157-179
    6. Andreas Held, Malte Julian Deventer, Franz X. Meixner, Sebastian Schmitt, Matthias Sörgel, Linda Voß et al.
      Pages 181-208
    7. Bodo Wichura, Johannes Ruppert, Michael Riederer, Thomas Foken
      Pages 209-245
    8. Andrei Serafimovich, Jörg Hübner, Monique Y. Leclerc, Henrique F. Duarte, Thomas Foken
      Pages 247-276
    9. Thomas Foken, Mathias Göckede, Johannes Lüers, Lukas Siebicke, Corinna Rebmann, Johannes Ruppert et al.
      Pages 277-308
    10. Thomas Foken, Andrei Serafimovich, Fabian Eder, Jörg Hübner, Zhongming Gao, Heping Liu
      Pages 309-329
    11. Jörg Hübner, Lukas Siebicke, Johannes Lüers, Thomas Foken
      Pages 331-353
    12. Gunnar Lischeid, Sven Frei, Bernd Huwe, Christina Bogner, Johannes Lüers, Wolfgang Babel et al.
      Pages 355-375
  5. Modelling Studies of Energy and Matter Fluxes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 377-377

About this book


This book focuses on fluxes of energy, carbon dioxide and matter in and above a Central European spruce forest. The transition from a forest affected by acid rain into a heterogeneous forest occurred as a result of wind throw, bark beetles and climate change. Scientific results obtained over the last 20 years at the FLUXNET site DE-Bay (Waldstein-Weidenbrunnen) are shown together with methods developed at the site, including the application of footprint models for data-quality analysis, the coupling between the trunk space and the atmosphere, the importance of the Damköhler number for trace gas studies, and the turbulent conditions at a forest edge. In addition to the many experimental studies, the book also applies model studies such as higher-order closure models, Large-Eddy Simulations, and runoff models for the catchment and compares them with the experimental data. Moreover, by highlighting processes in the atmosphere it offers insights into the functioning of the ecosystem as a whole. It is of interest to ecologists, micrometeorologists and ecosystem modelers.


Carbon fluxes FLUXNET Micrometeorology Ecosystem modeling Trace gas fluxes Water fluxes Energy fluxes Carbon dioxide fluxes Waldstein-Weidenbrunnen Footprint models Damköhler number

Editors and affiliations

  • Thomas Foken
    • 1
  1. 1.Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research (BayCEER)Universität BayreuthBayreuthGermany

About the editors

Thomas Foken
University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research (BayCEER), Bayreuth, Germany

Bibliographic information