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© 2017

Locomotion and Posture in Older Adults

The Role of Aging and Movement Disorders

  • Fabio Augusto Barbieri
  • Rodrigo Vitório
Book

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Background Concepts to Motor Control in Aging and Movement Disorders

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Renato Moraes, Eliane Mauerberg-deCastro
      Pages 3-20
    3. Henrique Ballalai Ferraz, Roberta Arb Saba
      Pages 21-31
    4. Quincy J. Almeida
      Pages 33-41
  3. Walking

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 43-43
    2. Luis Mochizuki, Sandra Aliberti
      Pages 45-54
    3. Mark Hollands, Kristen Hollands, Shirley Rietdyk
      Pages 55-72
    4. Emerson Sebastião, Flávia Gomes de Melo Coelho, Carla Manuela Crispim Nascimento, Larissa Pires de Andrade, Jessica Rodrigues Pereira, Sebastião Gobbi
      Pages 73-90
    5. Rodrigo Vitório, André Macari Baptista
      Pages 115-128
    6. Frederico Pieruccini-Faria, Carolina R. A. Silveira, Quincy J. Almeida
      Pages 129-141
    7. Paulo Cezar Rocha dos Santos, Diego Orcioli-Silva, Lucas Simieli, Vinicius I. A. Pereira, Fabio A. Barbieri
      Pages 143-159
    8. Fabio A. Barbieri, Carolina Menezes Fiorelli, Tiago Penedo, Pedro Henrique Alves de Paula, Lucas Simieli, Gabriel Felipe Moretto et al.
      Pages 161-175
    9. Lilian Teresa Bucken Gobbi, Juliana Lahr, Diego Alejandro Rojas Jaimes, Mayara Borkowske Pestana, Paulo Henrique Silva Pelicioni
      Pages 177-193
  4. Posture

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 195-195
    2. Ana Maria Forti Barela, Sarah Caporicci, José Angelo Barela
      Pages 209-218
    3. Sérgio Tosi Rodrigues, Gisele Chiozi Gotardi, Stefane Aline Aguiar
      Pages 219-236
    4. Jaap H. van Dieën, Mirjam Pijnappels
      Pages 237-262

About this book

Introduction

This book is an attempt to advance the discussion and improve our understanding about the effects of aging and movement disorders on motor control during walking and postural tasks. Despite these activities are performed daily, there is a high requirement of motor and neural systems in order to perform both tasks efficiently. Both walking and posture require a complex interaction of musculoskeletal and neural systems. However, the mechanisms used to control these tasks, as well as how they are planned and coordinated, are still a question of discussion among health professionals and researchers. In addition, this discussion is more interesting when the effects of aging are included in the context of locomotion and the postural control. The number of older individuals is 841 million in 2015, which is four times higher than the 202 million that lived in 1950. Aging causes many motor, sensorial and neural deficits, which impair locomotion and postural control in the elderly. The severity of this framework is worsened when the aging goes along with a movement disorder, such as Parkinson disease, Chorea, Dystonia, Huntington disease, etc. 

Therefore, the aim of this book is to highlight the influence of different aspects on planning, controlling and performing locomotion and posture tasks. In attempting to improve current knowledge in this field, invited authors present and discuss how environmental, sensorial, motor, cognitive and individual aspects influence the planning and performance of locomotor and postural activities. The major thrust of the book is to address the mechanisms involved in controlling and planning motor action in neurological healthy individuals, as well as in those who suffer from movement disorders or face the effects of aging, indicating the aspects that impair locomotion and postural control. In addition, new technologies, tools and interventions designed to manage the effects of aging and movement disorders are presented in the book.

 

Keywords

Motor control Movement disorders Aging Rehabilitation Elderly Movement Gait Parkinson

Editors and affiliations

  • Fabio Augusto Barbieri
    • 1
  • Rodrigo Vitório
    • 2
  1. 1.Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)Department of Physical Education, Human Movement Research Laboratory – MOVI-LABCampus BauruBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)Department of Physical Education, Posture and Gait Studies Lab (LEPLO)Campus Rio ClaroBrazil

About the editors

Fabio Augusto Barbieri: Assistant professor at the Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Physical Education (Bauru, Brazil) and professor of the graduate program in Human Motor Sciences at the UNESP. Physical Education degree (2004) and master degree in Human Motor Sciences (2007) by the UNESP. PhD in Human Motor Sciences by the UNESP (2012) and PhD in Human Movement Science by the Vrije University (Amsterdam, the Netherlands – 2013). Postdoctoral fellowship in Physical Education at the UNESP (2015). Main research interests are aimed at understanding the biomechanics and motor control of human movement, mainly walking and posture, in healthy individuals and people with neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson disease.

Rodrigo Vitório: Postdoctoral Fellow and professor of the graduate program in Human Movement Science at Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP (Rio Claro, Brazil). Bachelor in Physical Education (2006), Master of Science (2009) and Ph.D. (2015) in Human Movement Science. Has worked as Research Assistant at the Movement Disorders Research and Rehabilitation Centre at Wilfrid Laurier University (Waterloo, Canada – 2013). Main research interests are focused on (i) how visual information is used for the control of locomotion in patients with Parkinson’s disease; (ii) how Parkinson’s disease and its progression affect the ability to avoid obstacles while walking; (iii) the prediction of falls in patients with Parkinson’s disease and older adults.

Bibliographic information

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Reviews

“Given the morbidity and mortality that accompany gait dysfunction, this is an important book for anyone caring for an individual with locomotion or postural disorders. … The audience is anyone with an interest in posture and gait research or therapeutic interventions, from students to researchers to clinicians, who can take the information presented in the book and apply it to daily practice.” (Lauren Vernese, Doody's Book Reviews, January, 2018)