© 2018

Outsourcing Legal Aid in the Nordic Welfare States

  • Olaf Halvorsen Rønning
  • Ole Hammerslev
  • Provides a comparison of the welfare models of the Nordic states

  • Draws on the similarities and differences between worldwide welfare models

  • Calls for further research into the most efficient way for a state to provide for its people

Open Access

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Ole Hammerslev, Olaf Halvorsen Rønning
    Pages 1-13 Open Access
  3. Olaf Halvorsen Rønning
    Pages 15-41 Open Access
  4. Isabel Schoultz
    Pages 43-76 Open Access
  5. Antti Rissanen
    Pages 77-97 Open Access
  6. Bettina Lemann Kristiansen
    Pages 99-124 Open Access
  7. Hildur Fjóla Antonsdóttir
    Pages 125-146 Open Access
  8. Ole Hammerslev, Annette Olesen, Olaf Halvorsen Rønning
    Pages 147-167 Open Access
  9. Stine Piilgaard Porner Nielsen, Ole Hammerslev
    Pages 169-191 Open Access
  10. Annette Olesen
    Pages 193-225 Open Access
  11. Ole Hammerslev, Olaf Halvorsen Rønning
    Pages 311-328 Open Access
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 329-341

About this book


This edited collection provides a comprehensive analysis of the differences and similarities between civil legal aid schemes in the Nordic countries whilst outlining recent legal aid transformations in their respective welfare states. Based on in-depth studies of Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, and Iceland, the authors compare these cases with legal aid in Europe and the US to examine whether a single, unique Nordic model exists. Contextualizing Nordic legal aid in relation to welfare ideology and human rights, Hammerslev and Halvorsen Rønning consider whether flaws in the welfare state exist, and how legal aid affects disadvantaged citizens. 
Concluding that the five countries all have very different legal aid schemes, the authors explore an important general trend: welfare states increasingly outsourcing legal aid to the market and the third sector through both membership organizations and smaller voluntary organizations. A methodical and compas
sionate text, this book will be of special interest to scholars and students of the criminal justice, the welfare state, and the legal aid system.


Socio-legal studies Law Criminology Criminal Justice Action Research Scandinavia Welfare state Norway Demark Finland Sweden Iceland

Editors and affiliations

  • Olaf Halvorsen Rønning
    • 1
  • Ole Hammerslev
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Criminology and Sociology of LawUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  2. 2.Department of LawUniversity of Southern DenmarkOdense MDenmark

About the editors

Ole Hammerslev is Professor at University of Southern Denmark and Professor II at the University of Oslo, Norway. 
Olaf Halvorsen Rønning is a PhD student at the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law, University of Oslo. 

Bibliographic information


“Offering comparative, theoretical and sociological analyses, this book provides broad perspectives on legal aid and the welfare state in the Nordic countries. It revives the Nordic tradition of socio-legal studies of legal aid, and explores new topics. The comparison of legal aid schemes gives the reader updated information and on analysis of the “Nordic” model of legal aid. The most recent and future developments are of a particular interest for any reader interested in legal aid, and the welfare state. The book is a valuable resource for academics in socio-legal studies and procedural law, government officials and students.”(Anna Nylund, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Tromsø – the Arctic University of Norway)

“I am pleased to endorse Ole Hammerlev et al.'s project: Legal Aid in the Nordic Countries. The project will bring together an anthology which adopts a socio-legal perspective when critically examining the theme of civil legal aid operating in the context of Nordic welfare states and also in relation to developments taking place in Europe. The anthology will have wide appeal internationally as the subject matter is highly topical and this will provide a valuable resource in helping to identify innovations in civil legal aid schemes as well as highlighting both strengths and weaknesses of different schemes. In these times of austerity it will also provide an evidence base to assist countries when reforming existing schemes and setting up new ones.” (Dr Vicky Kemp, Principal Research Fellow, School of Law, University of Nottingham, UK)