© 2016

The Deep Metaphysics of Space

An Alternative History and Ontology Beyond Substantivalism and Relationism

  • Presents a new approach to the ontology of space

  • Examines theories of space from the Early Modern period

  • Analyzes the relationship between seventeenth century theories of space and current investigations in quantum gravity


Part of the European Studies in Philosophy of Science book series (ESPS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxiv
  2. Substantivalism and Relationism Versus Newton and Leibniz

  3. Third-Way Spatial Ontologies: Past and Present

  4. The Deep Metaphysics of Space from the Seventeenth Century to Quantum Gravity

  5. Back Matter
    Pages 325-342

About this book


This volume explores the inadequacies of the two standard conceptions of space or spacetime, substantivalism and relationism, and in the process, proposes a new historical interpretation of these physical theories. This book also examines and develops alternative ontological conceptions of space, and explores additional historical elements of seventeenth century theories and other metaphysical themes.

The author first discusses the two main opposing theories of the ontology of space. One, known as substantivalism, proposes space to be an entity that can exist independently of material things. The other, relationism, contends that space is a relation among material things. Readers will learn about specific problems with this dichotomy. First, Newton and Leibniz are often upheld as the retrospective forerunners of substantivalism and relationism. But, their work often contradicts the central tenets of these views. Second, these theories have proven problematic when transferred to a modern setting, especially with regards to general relativity and the recent quantum gravity hypotheses.

The author details an alternative set of concepts that address these problems. The author also develops a new classificational system that provides a more accurate taxonomy for the elements of all spatial ontologies. This classification obtains successful analogies between Newton, Leibniz, and other natural philosophers with contemporary physical theories.


Philosophy Space Substantivalism Relationism Spacetime Ontology Scientific Realism structural realism Newton Leibniz inadequacies spacetime critique spacetime history spacetime ontology space seventeenth century spacetime critique substantivalism critique relationism quantum gravity critique newton critique leibniz

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyWinona State UniversityWinonaUSA

About the authors

Edward Slowik is a Professor in the Department of Philosophy, Winona State University, Winona, MN, USA, and Resident Fellow at the Minnesota Center for Philosophy of Science. His research interests are in the philosophy of space and time, and Early Modern philosophy, with special emphasis on the ontology of theories of space and spacetime, both contemporary and in Early Modern period.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title The Deep Metaphysics of Space
  • Book Subtitle An Alternative History and Ontology Beyond Substantivalism and Relationism
  • Authors Edward Slowik
  • Series Title European Studies in Philosophy of Science
  • Series Abbreviated Title European Studies in Philosophy of Science
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy Philosophy and Religion (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-44867-1
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-83153-4
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-44868-8
  • Series ISSN 2365-4228
  • Series E-ISSN 2365-4236
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XXIV, 342
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Philosophy of Science
    History of Science
  • Buy this book on publisher's site