© 2017

Landscapes and Landforms of Western Canada

  • Olav Slaymaker

Part of the World Geomorphological Landscapes book series (WGLC)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Introduction to the Geomorphological Landscapes of Western Canada

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Olav Slaymaker, Dori J. Kovanen
      Pages 3-26
    3. Olav Slaymaker, Dori J. Kovanen
      Pages 27-48
    4. Olav Slaymaker, Dori J. Kovanen
      Pages 49-73
  3. Case Studies of Periglacial, Aeolian, Fluvial, Glacial, Karst, Coastal and Anthropogenic Landscapes and Landforms Under the Influence of Geological Structure, Climate, and Land Use/Land Cover

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 75-75
    2. Stephen A. Wolfe, Daniel E. Kerr, Peter D. Morse
      Pages 77-86
    3. Stephen A. Wolfe, Peter D. Morse, Steve V. Kokelj, Adrian J. Gaanderse
      Pages 87-96
    4. Hugh M. French
      Pages 97-108
    5. Steven V. Kokelj, Jon F. Tunnicliffe, Denis Lacelle
      Pages 109-122
    6. Lionel E. Jackson Jr.
      Pages 157-165
    7. Stephen A. Wolfe
      Pages 167-176
    8. Brian Henry Luckman
      Pages 241-255

About this book


This is the only book to focus on the geomorphological landscapes of Canada West. It outlines the little-appreciated diversity of Canada’s landscapes, and the nature of the geomorphological landscape, which deserves wider publicity. Three of the most important geomorphological facts related to Canada are that 90% of its total area emerged from ice-sheet cover relatively recently, from a geological perspective; permafrost underlies 50% of its landmass and the country enjoys the benefits of having three oceans as its borders: the Arctic, Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Canada West is a land of extreme contrasts — from the rugged Cordillera to the wide open spaces of the Prairies; from the humid west-coast forests to the semi-desert in the interior of British Columbia and from the vast Mackenzie river system of the to small, steep, cascading streams on Vancouver Island. The thickest Canadian permafrost is found in the Yukon and extensive areas of the Cordillera are underlain by sporadic permafrost side-by-side with the never-glaciated plateaus of the Yukon. One of the curiosities of Canada West is the presence of volcanic landforms, extruded through the ice cover of the late Pleistocene and Holocene epochs, which have also left a strong imprint on the landscape. The Mackenzie and Fraser deltas provide the contrast of large river deltas, debouching respectively into the Arctic and Pacific oceans.


Geomorphology Glaciation Landscape Natural Hazards Natural Heritage

Editors and affiliations

  • Olav Slaymaker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyThe University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

About the editors

Olav Slaymaker Member of the Order of Canada, is a professor emeritus of geography in the Department of Geography at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC.
His 20+ co-authored and edited monographs and 160+ refereed papers reflect three distinct styles of work. First, he has pursued original field research for 40 years on sediment systems in the Canadian Cordillera and the European Alps, strongly supported and enhanced by his stellar doctoral and postdoctoral students and international
colleagues. Second, he has produced papers and books summarizing trends in land use and environmental change in mountain regions. Third, he has edited monographs with invited international contributions on major environmental and geomorphological themes. He is a former President of the Canadian Association of Geographers and a former 
President of the International Association of Geomorphologists.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Landscapes and Landforms of Western Canada
  • Editors Olav Slaymaker
  • Series Title World Geomorphological Landscapes
  • Series Abbreviated Title World Geomorphological Landscapes
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science Earth and Environmental Science (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-44593-9
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-83089-6
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-44595-3
  • Series ISSN 2213-2090
  • Series E-ISSN 2213-2104
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XIX, 435
  • Number of Illustrations 36 b/w illustrations, 276 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Geomorphology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Materials & Steel
Oil, Gas & Geosciences


“Wherever you are in western Canada, this book has something to offer you, something to teach you about the landscapes you live among or are driving through on a summer adventure. … The book is filled with hundreds of maps, graphs, and photographs, which really help to bring the stories to the reader. … this book is a must-have for anyone who is enthusiastic about learning the stories behind the landscapes around them.” (Syd Cannings,, September, 2018)