© 2017

Operando Research in Heterogeneous Catalysis

  • Joost Frenken
  • Irene Groot
  • Provides a complete overview of the field, including both theoretical and experimental tools and methods

  • Includes a collection of state-of-the-art recipes and tricks for the development of instruments and methods

  • Serves as a guide book to several communities, such as academic researchers, developers and users of new instruments and methods


Part of the Springer Series in Chemical Physics book series (CHEMICAL, volume 114)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Osman Karslıoğlu, Hendrik Bluhm
    Pages 31-57
  3. Andreas Stierle, Johan Gustafson, Edvin Lundgren
    Pages 59-87
  4. Patricia Jane Kooyman
    Pages 111-129
  5. Johan Zetterberg, Sara Blomberg, Jianfeng Zhou, Johan Gustafson, Edvin Lundgren
    Pages 131-149
  6. Stefano Rebughini, Mauro Bracconi, Alberto Cuoci, Matteo Maestri
    Pages 189-218
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 219-222

About this book


This book is devoted to the emerging field of techniques for visualizing atomic-scale properties of active catalysts under actual working conditions, i.e. high gas pressures and high temperatures. It explains how to understand these observations in terms of the surface structures and dynamics and their detailed interplay with the gas phase. This provides an important new link between fundamental surface physics and chemistry, and applied catalysis. The book explains the motivation and the necessity of operando studies, and positions these with respect to the more traditional low-pressure investigations on the one hand and the reality of industrial catalysis on the other.

The last decade has witnessed a rapid development of new experimental and theoretical tools for operando studies of heterogeneous catalysis. The book has a strong emphasis on the new techniques and illustrates how the challenges introduced by the harsh, operando conditions are faced for each of these new tools. Therefore, one can also read this book as a collection of recipes for the development of operando instruments. At present, the number of scientific results obtained under operando conditions is still limited and mostly focused on a simple test reaction, the catalytic oxidation of CO. This reaction thus forms a natural binding element between the chapters, linking the demonstrations of new techniques, and also connecting the theoretical and experimental studies. Some first results on other reactions are also presented. If there is one thing that can be concluded already in this early stage, it is that the catalytic conditions themselves can have dramatic effects on the structure and composition of the surfaces of catalysts, which, in turn can greatly affect the mechanisms, the activity, and the selectivity of the chemical reactions that they catalyze. 


Ab-initio Thermodynamics and Kinetics Ambient Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Heterogeneous Catalysis High-pressure Transmission Electron Microscopy Instrument Development for Catalysis Operando Research Scanning Probe Microscopy Under High-pressure Conditions Surface Science of Catalytic Materials Surface X-ray Diffraction Under High-pressure kinetic Monte Carlo calculations

Editors and affiliations

  • Joost Frenken
    • 1
  • Irene Groot
    • 2
  1. 1.Huygens–Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory, Institute of PhysicsLeiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands and Advanced Research Center for NanolithographyAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Huygens–Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory, Institute of ChemistryLeiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands and Gorlaeus Laboratories, Leiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information