Optimal Control of a Double Integrator

A Primer on Maximum Principle

  • Arturo Locatelli

Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 68)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Arturo Locatelli
    Pages 1-2
  3. Arturo Locatelli
    Pages 3-29
  4. Arturo Locatelli
    Pages 127-148
  5. Arturo Locatelli
    Pages 149-160
  6. Arturo Locatelli
    Pages 161-191
  7. Arturo Locatelli
    Pages 193-226
  8. Arturo Locatelli
    Pages 227-269
  9. Arturo Locatelli
    Pages 271-295
  10. Arturo Locatelli
    Pages 297-308
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 309-311

About this book


This book provides an introductory yet rigorous treatment of Pontryagin’s Maximum Principle and its application to optimal control problems when simple and complex constraints act on state and control variables, the two classes of variable in such problems. The achievements resulting from first-order variational methods are illustrated with reference to a large number of problems that, almost universally, relate to a particular second-order, linear and time-invariant dynamical system, referred to as the double integrator. The book is ideal for students who have some knowledge of the basics of system and control theory and possess the calculus background typically taught in undergraduate curricula in engineering.

Optimal control theory, of which the Maximum Principle must be considered a cornerstone, has been very popular ever since the late 1950s. However, the possibly excessive initial enthusiasm engendered by its perceived capability to solve any kind of problem gave way to its equally unjustified rejection when it came to be considered as a purely abstract concept with no real utility. In recent years it has been recognized that the truth lies somewhere between these two extremes, and optimal control has found its (appropriate yet limited) place within any curriculum in which system and control theory plays a significant role.


Pontryagin Maximum Principle Optimal Control Theory Time-invariant Dynamical System Continuous-time Dynamical Systems First Order Variational Methods Finite-dimensional Dynamical Systems Integral Constraints Punctual Isolated Constrains Punctual Global Constraints Singular Arcs

Authors and affiliations

  • Arturo Locatelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Emeritus, formerly with the Dipartimento di ElettronicaInformazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano MilanoItaly

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Engineering Engineering (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-42125-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-42126-1
  • Series Print ISSN 2198-4182
  • Series Online ISSN 2198-4190
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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