The Politics of Militant Group Survival in the Middle East

Resources, Relationships, and Resistance

  • Ora Szekely

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Ora Szekely
    Pages 1-47
  3. Ora Szekely
    Pages 49-105
  4. Ora Szekely
    Pages 107-146
  5. Ora Szekely
    Pages 147-200
  6. Ora Szekely
    Pages 201-249
  7. Ora Szekely
    Pages 281-290
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 291-330

About this book


This book compares the performances of four key non-state actors in the Arab-Israeli conflict ecosystem: the PLO, Hamas, Hizbullah, and Amal. It argues that is not the assets a militant group has, but rather how it acquired them that matters in explaining the variation in these actors' abilities to militarily resist and politically recover from confrontations with far more powerful adversaries. Groups that rely on marketing campaigns to secure local support and regional patronage do far better than those that rely on coercion or even barter. The book develops a typology of organizations based on their foreign and domestic policies, which has interesting implications for other non-state actors, such as ISIS. It is based on field research in Jordan, Lebanon, Israel, the West Bank, Egypt, and Syria, including interviews with members of a range of Lebanese and Palestinian militant groups, as well as politicians, UN staff, journalists, and members of the Jordanian and Israeli armies.


Middle East Militant groups Nonstate actors Hizbullah Hamas PLO Amal

Authors and affiliations

  • Ora Szekely
    • 1
  1. 1.Political ScienceClark University WorcesterUSA

Bibliographic information