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© 2016

The Psychiatric Interview for Differential Diagnosis

  • Provides an exposition of psychiatric interviewing that is theoretically and clinically well founded

  • Supplies a coherent framework for performance of psychiatric examinations, based on an understanding of the basic tenets of psychopathology and phenomenology

  • Presents the most pertinent clinical descriptions concerning the major diagnostic groups as an aid to differential diagnosis

Book

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Lennart Jansson, Julie Nordgaard
    Pages 1-6
  3. The Diagnostic Interview

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 7-7
    2. Lennart Jansson, Julie Nordgaard
      Pages 9-16
    3. Lennart Jansson, Julie Nordgaard
      Pages 17-25
    4. Lennart Jansson, Julie Nordgaard
      Pages 27-51
    5. Lennart Jansson, Julie Nordgaard
      Pages 53-90
  4. The Diagnostic Spectra

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 91-91
    2. Lennart Jansson, Julie Nordgaard
      Pages 109-127
    3. Lennart Jansson, Julie Nordgaard
      Pages 129-168
    4. Lennart Jansson, Julie Nordgaard
      Pages 169-189
    5. Lennart Jansson, Julie Nordgaard
      Pages 191-208
    6. Lennart Jansson, Julie Nordgaard
      Pages 209-229
    7. Lennart Jansson, Julie Nordgaard
      Pages 231-246
    8. Lennart Jansson, Julie Nordgaard
      Pages 247-255
    9. Lennart Jansson, Julie Nordgaard
      Pages 257-259
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 261-270

About this book

Introduction

There is a broadening international consensus that the level of psychiatric clinical knowledge and skills has declined alarmingly, to the point of threatening psychiatry’s survival as an academic medical discipline. This is a consequence of the complete educational domination by the operational diagnostic manuals and manuals for structured interviewing, which are too often viewed as the only sources of theoretical and clinical knowledge. The purpose of this book is to offer an alternative: to provide an exposition of psychiatric interviewing that is theoretically and clinically well founded and to supply the reader with a coherent framework for performance of a thorough psychiatric examination. The goal is not to come up with yet another interview scheme but to facilitate an understanding of the basic (but, today, completely neglected) tenets of psychopathology and phenomenology. This exposition targets the disorders of subjectivity (consciousness), the second-person processes involved in converting subjective, first-person and observable data into a third person, diagnostically useful, format. In addition, the most pertinent clinical descriptions concerning the major diagnostic groups are presented and discussed.

Keywords

Consciousness Conversational approach Difficult Psychiatric Interview Mental State Examination Phenomenology Prototype and Gestalt Psychiatric Diagnosis Psychiatric Interview Psychiatric Interviewing Psychopathology Structured Interview Semi-structured Interview

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Mental Health Center HvidovreUniversity Hospital of CopenhagenBroenbyDenmark
  2. 2.Early Psychosis Intervention Center, Region Zealand & Institute for Clinical Medicine, University of CopenhagenBroenbyDenmark

About the authors

Lennart Jansson, MD, associate professor, graduated from Copenhagen University in 1977, and currently employed at Glostrup Mental Health Center (formerly Psychiatric Center Hvidovre). He completed his specialization in psychiatry at Kommunehospitalet and other Copenhagen area hospitals. Dr. Jansson participated in the US-Denmark schizophrenia adoption studies (the provincial sample). In collaboration with prof. Josef Parnas, he contributed to the development of the EASE instrument (Examination of Anomalous Self-Experience) for early detection of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. He has been involved in research especially in psychopathology and nosology. Until recently, he worked for many years as a consultant at a first-admission unit specialized in examining young adults for schizophrenia spectrum psychopathology, and is still occupied as a consultant with similar clinical work. Dr. Jansson is course leader in psychopathology under the Danish psychiatric specialist education, and teaches on expert level in many other contexts such as the psychiatric specialist education for psychologists and international EASE educational courses.

Julie Nordgaard, MD, PhD graduated from Copenhagen University in 2001. She is senior consultant at Early Psychosis Intervention Center in Region Zealand and Associate Professor at University of Copenhagen. She is chairman for Institute of Psychopathology (Denmark) and Danish director of all EASE (scale for examination of anomalous self-experiences) related activities.Dr. Nordgaard completed her specialization in psychiatry at university hospitals in Copenhagen. Clinically she has specialized in schizophrenia spectrum disorders and psychopathological assessment of first admission patients. The key point for her research has been psychopathology and the psychiatric diagnostic interview from a phenomenologically informed base, themes she continues to pursue. Her PhD from 2012 concerned empirical and theoretical aspects of the psychiatric interview. Dr. Nordgaard teaches at expert level in psychopathology and the psychiatric interview, both internationally and domestic: she is course leader of the international EASE educational courses, and teaches psychopathology at the Danish psychiatric specialist education, at the mandatory training program for Danish psychiatrists of psychiatrist, and in a range of other contexts.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title The Psychiatric Interview for Differential Diagnosis
  • Authors Lennart Jansson
    Julie Nordgaard
  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-33249-9
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Medicine Medicine (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-33247-5
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-81465-0
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-33249-9
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XII, 270
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 2 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Psychiatry
    Psychology, general
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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Reviews

“This book focuses on the broadening decline of psychiatric clinical knowledge and the framework for diagnostic interviews. … The purpose is to fill a gap in the psychiatric literature on the clinical interview. … The book primarily targets clinical psychiatrists and psychologists, in addition to researchers, to help them refine their diagnostic skills and psychopathological definitions. It also will be helpful to students and psychiatric residents who wish to better understand symptom presentation and differential diagnosis.” (Michael Easton, Doody's Book Reviews, December, 2016)