© 2016

The British Role in Iranian Domestic Politics (1951-1953)


Part of the SpringerBriefs in Environment, Security, Development and Peace book series (BRIEFSSECUR, volume 5)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Mansoureh Ebrahimi
    Pages 35-59
  3. Mansoureh Ebrahimi
    Pages 87-100
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 101-109

About this book


Based on British and Iranian sources, this book investigates the background and goals of the coup in Iran, examining how British foreign and domestic agents interfered with Iran’s internal affairs between the nationalization of Iran’s oil in 1951 until its failure in 1953 with the overthrow of Prime Minister Mossadegh. How and why was Iran’s democratically elected government ousted in 1953? Most studies refer to a ‘CIA-led’ operation. This study analyses how British agents used the Shah, the ancient Persian Durbar, Majlis deputies, Islamic clergy, and Iranian military officers in the overthrow of the first democratically elected Prime Minister, and highlights how Britain used the ‘Communist menace’ as a pretext for protecting its oil interests and persuaded the Americans to orchestrate the coup. This close interaction between British colonial interests, American Cold War goals and Iranian politics ultimately defeated the democratic aspirations of Iran’s people.


Iranian Politics Mohammad Mosaddeq Tudeh Party Internal Affairs Clergy British Colonial Interests

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Islamic CivilizationUniversiti Teknologi Malaysia UTMJohor BahruMalaysia

Bibliographic information

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