Indian Indenture in the Danish West Indies, 1863-1873

  • Lomarsh Roopnarine

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Lomarsh Roopnarine
    Pages 1-14
  3. Lomarsh Roopnarine
    Pages 15-23
  4. Lomarsh Roopnarine
    Pages 47-57
  5. Lomarsh Roopnarine
    Pages 71-78
  6. Lomarsh Roopnarine
    Pages 79-84
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 85-111

About this book


This book is the first comprehensive analysis of Denmark’s solitary experiment with Indian indentured labor on St. Croix during the second half of the nineteenth century.  The book focuses on the recruitment, transportation, plantation labor, re-indenture, repatriation, remittances and abolition of Indian indentured experience on the island. In doing so, Roopnarine has produced a compelling narrative on Indian indenture. The laborers challenged and responded accordingly to their daily indentured existence using their cultural strengths to cohere and co-exist in a planter-dominated environment. Laborers had to create opportunities for themselves using their homeland customs without losing the focus that someday they would return home. Indentured Indians understood that the plantation system would not be flexible to them but rather they had to be flexible to plantation system. Roopnarine’s concise analysis has moved Indian indenture from the margin to mainstream not only in the historiography of the Danish West Indies, but also in the wider Caribbean where Indians were indentured. 

Lomarsh Roopnarine is Professor of Caribbean and Latin American History at Jackson State University, USA.  He received his PhD in Latin American and Caribbean Studies from the University at Albany, USA and taught at the University of the Virgin Islands, St. Croix. He has published over three dozen articles in Caribbean history, society and environmental policy. He is currently writing a manuscript on Caribbean Indian Migration and Identity.


East Indian indenture on St. Croix Caribbean slavery Danish planters on St. Croix Indenture on British Guiana plantation economics in the Caribbean

Authors and affiliations

  • Lomarsh Roopnarine
    • 1
  1. 1.Jackson State UniversityJacksonUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016 2016
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages History History (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-30709-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-30710-7
  • Buy this book on publisher's site