Gang Transitions and Transformations in an International Context

  • Cheryl L. Maxson
  • Finn-Aage Esbensen

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Gang Participation and Impacts on Individual Behavior

  3. Transitions and Gang Transformation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 137-137
    2. Frank van Gemert, Robby Roks, Marijke Drogt
      Pages 157-172
    3. Maarten De Waele, Lieven J. R. Pauwels
      Pages 173-200
    4. Beth M. Huebner, Kristina Thompson Garrity
      Pages 201-213
  4. Fostering Gang Transition and Transformation: Strategies for Prevention and Intervention

  5. Back Matter
    Pages 307-314

About this book


This unique volume explores why and how youth join and leave gangs, as a lens for

exploring intervention and prevention through comparative, international research.

The book explores three key questions: how do youth gangs form and how do they

change over time? Why do youth join street gangs, and why do they leave? How can we

use this knowledge to foster more effective interventions for gang problems?

Drawing from research conducted in ten different countries (Belgium,

Canada, Germany, Israel, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the

United States of America, and Venezuela) and a variety of disciplines, sixteen original chapters provide unique insights into:

1) patterns of gang participation and how it impacts individual behavior
2) individual transitions and their impact on gang transformations

3) fostering gang transition and transformation

This work will be of interest to researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice,

particularly with an interest in youth gangs, developmental and life-course criminology,

criminal careers, and criminal networks, as well as related fields such as sociology,

psychology, and comparative law, and public health.


Crime Intervention and Prevention Criminal Networks Group Psychology International and Comparative Criminology Street Gangs Youth Gangs

Editors and affiliations

  • Cheryl L. Maxson
    • 1
  • Finn-Aage Esbensen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Criminology, Law, and Soc.University of CaliforniaIrvineUSA
  2. 2.Department of Criminology and Crim JusUniversity of Missouri-St. LouisSt. LouisUSA

Bibliographic information