© 2016

Divergent Series, Summability and Resurgence II

Simple and Multiple Summability

  • Provides a thorough discussion and comparison of the theories of k-summability and multisummability

  • Can be treated both as a reference book and as a tutorial on the theories of summability and their links to the formal and local analytic aspects of linear ordinary differential equations

  • Includes a discussion of the linear Stokes phenomenon

  • The theories are illustrated with many examples and over 70 color figures


Part of the Lecture Notes in Mathematics book series (LNM, volume 2154)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxiii
  2. Michèle Loday-Richaud
    Pages 1-31
  3. Michèle Loday-Richaud
    Pages 133-183
  4. Michèle Loday-Richaud
    Pages 197-235
  5. Michèle Loday-Richaud
    Pages 237-243
  6. Michèle Loday-Richaud
    Pages 245-263
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 265-272

About this book


Addressing the question how to “sum” a power series in one variable when it diverges, that is, how to attach to it analytic functions, the volume gives answers by presenting and comparing the various theories of k-summability and multisummability. These theories apply in particular to all solutions of ordinary differential equations.

The volume includes applications, examples and revisits, from a cohomological point of view, the group of tangent-to-identity germs of diffeomorphisms of C studied in volume 1. With a view to applying the theories to solutions of differential equations, a detailed survey of linear ordinary differential equations is provided which includes Gevrey asymptotic expansions, Newton polygons, index theorems and Sibuya’s proof of the meromorphic classification theorem that characterizes the Stokes phenomenon for linear differential equations.

This volume is the second of a series of three entitled Divergent Series, Summability and Resurgence. It is aimed at graduate students and researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics who are interested in divergent series, Although closely related to the other two volumes it can be read independently.


34M30,40C99,34M03,34M25, 34M40 Divergent power series Summability Asymptotics Linear Ordinary Differential Equations

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.LAREMAUniversité d’AngersAngersFrance

Bibliographic information