© 2016

The Science and Technology Labor Force

The Value of Doctorate Holders and Development of Professional Careers

  • Leonid Gokhberg
  • Natalia Shmatko
  • Laudeline Auriol

Part of the Science, Technology and Innovation Studies book series (STAIS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxiii
  2. Leonid Gokhberg, Natalia Shmatko, Laudeline Auriol
    Pages 1-7
  3. The International Value of Doctorate Degrees on the Labor Market

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Barbara M. Kehm, Ulrich Teichler
      Pages 11-29
    3. Laudeline Auriol, Toshiyuki ‘Max’ Misu, Fernando Galindo-Rueda
      Pages 51-74
  4. Doctorate Holders: Employment Outcome and Mobility

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 75-75
    2. Steven Proudfoot, Thomas B. Hoffer
      Pages 77-119
    3. Natalia Shmatko, Yurij Katchanov
      Pages 145-170
    4. Laura Cruz-Castro, Koen Jonkers, Luis Sanz-Menéndez
      Pages 171-192
    5. Joana Duarte, Joana Mendonça
      Pages 193-229
  5. Human Resources in Science and Technology and Their Professional Careers

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 231-231
    2. Leonid Gokhberg, Galina Kitova, Tatiana Kuznetsova
      Pages 249-272
    3. Toshiyuki ‘Max’ Misu, Akira Horoiwa
      Pages 291-316
    4. Adriana Bin, Sergio Salles-Filho, Fernando A. Basile Colugnati, Fábio Rocha Campos
      Pages 317-339
  6. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 341-341
    2. Dirk Meissner, Leonid Gokhberg, Natalia Shmatko
      Pages 343-350

About this book


This book provides an in-depth analysis of the demand for PhDs on the labor markets of twelve countries. The authors analyze the role of PhDs in the creation of innovation in a knowledge-based economy and examine economic issues such as the return on investment for the education and training of doctoral graduates. To provide a more comprehensive picture of the employment patterns, career paths and mobility of PhDs in selected countries, the book analyzes various data sources such as labor force surveys and censuses. The authors also develop survey approaches and output tables to collect data on the transition from school to work among PhDs. The book will be of interest to policymakers, companies and researchers responsible for research and innovation systems, as well as to doctoral students looking for a professional career outside the academic world.


Career Development Career Management Labor Market PhD Research Careers Research and Development

Editors and affiliations

  • Leonid Gokhberg
    • 1
  • Natalia Shmatko
    • 2
  • Laudeline Auriol
    • 3
  1. 1.Nat Res Univ Higher School of EconomicsInst for Stat Stud &Eco of Knowl (ISSEK)MoscowRussia
  2. 2.Nat Res Univ Higher School of EconomicsInst for Stat Stud &Eco of Knowl (ISSEK)MoscowRussia
  3. 3.and Development (OECD)Organisation for Economic CooperationParis Cedex 16France

About the editors

Leonid Gokhberg, Prof. Dr., is First Vice-Rector of the Higher School of Economics (HSE) – one of the most prominent research universities in Russia. He is also Director of HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge (ISSEK). He authored over 350 publications in Russian and international peer-reviewed journals on S&T and innovation. Professor Gokhberg has coordinated dozens of international projects, inter alia on S&T and innovation policies, nanotechnology and roadmaps, funded by Russian governmental agencies, as well as by the intergovernmental organizations. Professor Gokhberg has served as a consultant of OECD, Eurostat, UNESCO, and other international and national agencies. He is also member of OECD and Eurostat expert groups and task forces on indicators for S&T, nanotechnology, information society and education. Professor Gokhberg is editor-in-chief of the Russian scientific journal “Foresight”. He holds PhD and Dr. of Sc. degrees in Economics. In 2012 the President of Russia awarded Professor Gokhberg the title ‘Honored Master of Sciences’.

Natalia Shmatko is a head of Department for human capital studies at ISSEK HSE, PhD. She authored over 100 publications in Russian and international peer-reviewed journals. Her main area of research activity is sociological and statistical studies of human resources, social differentiation studies, analysis and forecast of education system, competencies and skills assessment, job opportunity for highly qualified personnel. With extensive experience and expertise in the field of social institutions and social differentiation studies, Natalia has participated and has headed many projects, both national and international, which have deal with the social topology, professional and social identity, formation of the Russian businessmen, as well as the labor market and mobility of researchers and engineers.

Laudeline Auriol is an analyst at the OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry where she is responsible for the measurement of human resources for science and technology and project manager of the international (OECD/UNESCO) survey on careers of doctorate holders (CDH). She has more than twenty years of experience in the field of science and technology indicators, is responsible for the biannual publication of the Main Science and Technology Indicators (MSTI) and has been participating actively in two successive revisions of the Frascati Manual – the international standards for the surveys on research and development. She is the author of articles in specialized or academic journals. She has also been a Member of the Scientific and Prospective Committee at the French Observatory for Science and Techniques for 2 successive mandates. She holds a Master Degree in statistics and demographics.

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