© 2016

Wundt and the Philosophical Foundations of Psychology

A Reappraisal


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxii
  2. Saulo de Freitas Araujo
    Pages 1-20
  3. Saulo de Freitas Araujo
    Pages 21-79
  4. Saulo de Freitas Araujo
    Pages 81-124
  5. Saulo de Freitas Araujo
    Pages 125-166
  6. Saulo de Freitas Araujo
    Pages 167-208
  7. Saulo de Freitas Araujo
    Pages 209-214
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 215-254

About this book


This book reassesses the seminal work of Wilhelm Wundt by discussing the history and philosophy of psychology. It traces the pioneering theorist’s intellectual development and the evolution of psychology throughout his career. The author draws on little-known sources to situate psychological concepts in Wundt’s philosophical thought and address common myths and misconceptions relating to Wundt’s ideas. The ideas presented in this book show why Wundt’s work remains relevant in this era of ongoing mind/brain debate and interest continues in the links between psychology and philosophy.

Featured topics include:

  • Theoretical and philosophical foundations of Wundt’s early work in scientific psychology.
  • Wundt’s conception of scientific philosophy in relation to his theory of knowledge.
  • The epistemological dimensions of Wundt’s final project in scientific psychology.

Wundt and the Philosophical Foundations of Psychology is a valuable resource for researchers, professors, and graduate students in cognitive and related psychology and philosophy disciplines. 


“Saulo Araujo raises Wundt scholarship to a new level. This book is the splendid result of intensive studies of the entire Wundt oeuvre.”

Horst Gundlach
Heidelberg, Germany

“Saulo Araujo, in his study of Wundt’s philosophy and psychology, is as remarkable for the breadth and depth of his scholarship as he is for the clarity of his writing.”

Rand B. Evans
Emeritus Professor of Psychology, East Carolina University

“A milestone, this book serves to establish an advanced level in Wundt studies. Araujo presents a reconstruction of Wundt’s epistemology and philosophy of psychology and corrects misunderstandings in the reception of Wundt’s essential thoughts.”

Jochen Fahrenberg
Emeritus Professor of Psychology, University of Freiburg, Germany


Grundzüge and Wundt History of philosophy and psychology and Wilhelm Wundt Logical Theory of Mind and Wundt Methodological reform and Wundt Psychology of consciousness and Wundt Theoretical principles of psychology and Wundt Theoretical principles of psychology and Wundt Wilhelm Wundt and psychology Wundt and German cultural context Wundt and experimental psychology Wundt and philosophy Wundt and scientific psychology Wundt’s psychological project

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de PsicologiaUniversidade Federal de Juiz de ForaJuiz de ForaBrazil

About the authors

Saulo de Freitas Araujo, Ph.D., is Professor for the History and Philosophy of Psychology at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora (Brazil), Department of Psychology. He is also director of the Wilhelm Wundt Center for the History and Philosophy of Psychology at the same institution. His research is primarily concerned with the history and philosophy of scientific psychology. He has published, among others, “Psychology and Neuroscience: An Evaluation of Contemporary Materialism” (2011), “History and Philosophy of Psychology: Contemporary Perspectives” (2012), and “Echoes of the Past: Studies in the History and Philosophy of Psychology” (2013). His work on Wundt has been awarded the 2013 Early Career Award from the American Psychological Association (Division 26).

Bibliographic information


“I recommend Araujo’s book as an excellent theoretical and historical study. … It is very relevant to contemporary discussions of psychology in the face of the discipline’s increasing fragmentation, lack of reflection, and historical amnesia.” (Gordana Jovanović, Theory & Psychology, 2018)

“I highly recommend this important book. For those involved in science education, especially those concerned with recent debates about teaching the ‘Nature of Science’ (NOS), this will be a challenging and provocative work. … For psychologists, the book may signal a new appreciation for one of the giants of our field.” (Ryan D. Tweney, Science and Education, Vol. 26, 2017)

“Wundt and the Philosophical Foundations of Psychology is the most internalist history that I have ever read, not just in the history of psychology but also in the history of science. … For Wundt scholars, it’s required reading. For historians of early psychology, it’s useful … .” (Thomas Hardy Leahey, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. 61 (26), June, 2016)