© 2016

Modelling Public Transport Passenger Flows in the Era of Intelligent Transport Systems

COST Action TU1004 (TransITS)

  • Guido Gentile
  • Klaus Noekel


  • Compares results of different methods using the same sample transport network, facilitating the comparison of their advantages and disadvantages

  • Standardises the notation used to describe different models, making it easier for the reader to compare them

  • Analyses public transportation systems from the perspective of both the passenger and the transport operator

  • Offers the reader access to a range of cutting-edge models that overcome various drawbacks of those traditionally taught in postgraduate courses


Part of the Springer Tracts on Transportation and Traffic book series (STTT)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxxvii
  2. Public Transport in the Era of ITS

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Kjell Jansson, Ingmar Andreasson, Karl Kottenhoff
      Pages 29-83
    3. Andrés Monzón, Sara Hernandez, Andrés García Martínez, Ioannis Kaparias, Francesco Viti
      Pages 85-128
  3. From Transit Systems to Models

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 129-129
    2. Markus Friedrich, Fabien Leurent, Irina Jackiva, Valentina Fini, Sebastián Raveau
      Pages 131-234
    3. Klaus Noekel, Guido Gentile, Efthia Nathanail, Achille Fonzone
      Pages 235-284
  4. The Theory of Transit Assignment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 285-285
    2. Guido Gentile, Michael Florian, Younes Hamdouch, Oded Cats, Agostino Nuzzolo
      Pages 287-386
    3. Guido Gentile, Klaus Noekel, Jan-Dirk Schmöcker, Valentina Trozzi, Ektoras Chandakas
      Pages 387-481
  5. Applications and Future Developments

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 483-483
    2. Ingmar Andreasson, Fabien Leurent, Francesco Corman, Luigi dell’Olio
      Pages 485-519
    3. Ektoras Chandakas, Fabien Leurent, Oded Cats
      Pages 521-560
    4. Ingmar Andreasson, Fabien Leurent, Rosaldo Rossetti
      Pages 561-641

About this book


This book shows how transit assignment models can be used to describe and predict the patterns of network patronage in public transport systems. It provides a fundamental technical tool that can be employed in the process of designing, implementing and evaluating measures and/or policies to improve the current state of transport systems within given financial, technical and social constraints. The book offers a unique methodological contribution to the field of transit assignment because, moving beyond “traditional” models, it describes more evolved variants that can reproduce:
• intermodal networks with high- and low-frequency services;
• realistic behavioural hypotheses underpinning route choice;
• time dependency in frequency-based models; and
• assumptions about the knowledge that users have of network conditions
that are consistent with the present and future level of information that intelligent transport systems (ITS) can provide. The book also considers the practical perspective of practitioners and public transport operators who need to model and manage transit systems; for example, the role of ITS is explained with regard to their potential in data collection for modelling purposes and validation techniques, as well as with regard to the additional data on network patronage and passengers’ preferences that influences the network-management and control strategies imple
mented. In addition, it explains how the different aspects of network operations can be incorporated in traditional models and identifies the advantages and disadvantages of doing so. Lastly, the book provides practical information on state-of-the-art implementations of the different models and the commercial packages that are currently available for transit modelling. Showcasing original work done under the aegis of the COST Action TU1004 (TransITS), the book provides a broad readership, ranging from Master and PhD students to researchers and from policy makers to practitioners, with a comprehensive tool for understanding transit assignment models.


Commercial Software for Transit Modelling Data Representation and Collection Discrete-choice Models ITS for Public Transport Intelligent Transport Systems Modes of Public Transport Sustainability of Public Transport Transit Assignment Transit Operations Travel-demand Models

Editors and affiliations

  • Guido Gentile
    • 1
  • Klaus Noekel
    • 2
  1. 1.Sapienza UniversityRomaItaly
  2. 2.PTV GroupKarlsruheGermany

About the editors

Guido Gentile is Professor of Transport Engineering at Sapienza University of Rome, where he teaches “Transport Modeling and Planning”. He is also President of the University Spin-off SISTeMA.
He was born in 1971 in Rome, where he graduated cum laude as Civil Engineer in 1996. He obtained a Master in Corporate Finance at LUISS in 1996 and a PhD in Transport Engineering at Sapienza in 2000. He is enrolled in the Professional Engineering Association of Rome since 1996.
His main fields of scientific and professional interests are: static and dynamic traffic assignment to road networks, simulation and management of public transport systems, travel demand and route choice models, city-logistics and network design, infomobility and intelligent transport systems.
He is author of 100 scientific publications, most in the international literature, of 140 presentations at conferences, of several software and of well-known algorithm for the simulation of transport networks, e.g. LUCE and DUE that are also included into the platform VISUM by PTV and used all over the world.
Since 2011 he has been Editor of the EURO Journal on Transportation and Logistics, published by Springer. Since 2012 he is Associate Editor of Transportmetrica B: Transport Dynamics, published by Taylor & Francis. Since 2012 he has been Chair of the Cost Action: Modelling Public Transport Passengers in the Era of ITS.
As vice president at PTV Group, Dr. Noekel is responsible for product management and software development of the PTV Vision Traffic Suite of transportation planning software, including PTV Visum (demand modelling), PTV Vissim (traffic microsimulation), PTV Optima (real-time traffic management). He participates in numerous collaborations with the academic community in transportation modelling and has published on diverse topics, particularly traffic assignment. Dr Noekel joined PTV Group in 1997 and has worked on numerous consultancy and software development projects in transportation planning and traffic engineering for more than 20 years. He holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Kaiserslautern and a M.Sc. in Computer Science and Operations Research from RWTH Aachen.
Dr Noekel is Vice Chair of the EU COST Action “Modelling Public Transport Passenger Flows in the Era of ITS”.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Modelling Public Transport Passenger Flows in the Era of Intelligent Transport Systems
  • Book Subtitle COST Action TU1004 (TransITS)
  • Editors Guido Gentile
    Klaus Nökel
  • Series Title Springer Tracts on Transportation and Traffic
  • Series Abbreviated Title Springer Tracts on Transportation, Traffic
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Engineering Engineering (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-25080-9
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-79731-1
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-25082-3
  • Series ISSN 2194-8119
  • Series E-ISSN 2194-8127
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XXXVII, 641
  • Number of Illustrations 38 b/w illustrations, 102 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Transportation Technology and Traffic Engineering
    Operations Research, Management Science
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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