© 2016

Exotic Brome-Grasses in Arid and Semiarid Ecosystems of the Western US

Causes, Consequences, and Management Implications

  • Matthew J. Germino
  • Jeanne C. Chambers
  • Cynthia S. Brown
  • Effects of environmental factors on exotic annual Bromus species distributions

  • Ecosystem attributes and processes that influence resistance to invasion

  • Traits of Bromus species that contribute to invasiveness

  • Impacts of Bromus invasions on ecosystems

  • Effects of pathogens on Bromus invasions and their potential for biocontrol

  • Effects of land uses on Bromus invasions

  • Management options for exotic annual Bromus and their application

  • Socioeconomic drivers and patterns of human response to Bromus invasion.


Part of the Springer Series on Environmental Management book series (SSEM)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Matthew J. Germino, Jeanne C. Chambers, Cynthia S. Brown
    Pages 1-7
  3. Environmental Impacts of Bromus Species

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Matthew L. Brooks, Cynthia S. Brown, Jeanne C. Chambers, Carla M. D’Antonio, Jon E. Keeley, Jayne Belnap
      Pages 11-60
    3. Matthew J. Germino, Jayne Belnap, John M. Stark, Edith B. Allen, Benjamin M. Rau
      Pages 61-95
  4. Invasiveness of Bromus Species (Emphasis on Biological Attributes of Bromus)

  5. Understanding Environmental Controls and Bromus Distribution (Invasibility of Landscapes by Bromus)

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 225-225
    2. Jayne Belnap, John M. Stark, Benjamin M. Rau, Edith B. Allen, Susan Phillips
      Pages 227-256
    3. Bethany A. Bradley, Caroline A. Curtis, Jeanne C. Chambers
      Pages 257-274
    4. Jeanne C. Chambers, Matthew J. Germino, Jayne Belnap, Cynthia S. Brown, Eugene W. Schupp, Samuel B. St. Clair
      Pages 275-304
  6. Relating the Science to Human Uses and Restoration of Western Rangeland Landscapes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 305-305
    2. David A. Pyke, Jeanne C. Chambers, Jeffrey L. Beck, Matthew L. Brooks, Brian A. Mealor
      Pages 307-337
    3. Thomas A. Monaco, Stuart P. Hardegree, Mike Pellant, Cynthia S. Brown
      Pages 339-370
    4. Mark W. Brunson, Halley Kartchner
      Pages 409-428

About this book


Invasions by exotic grasses, particularly annuals, rank among the most extensive and intensive ways that humans are contributing to the transformation of the earth’s surface. The problem is particularly notable with a suite of exotic grasses in the Bromus genus in the arid and semiarid regions that dominate the western United States, which extend from the dry basins near the Sierra and Cascade Ranges across the Intermountain Region and Rockies to about 105° longitude. This genus includes approximately 150 species that have a wide range of invasive and non-invasive tendencies in their home ranges and in North America. Bromus species that became invasive upon introduction to North America in the late 1800’s, such as Bromus tectorum and B. rubens, have since became the dominant cover on millions of hectares. Here, millenia of ecosystem development led to landscapes that would otherwise be dominated by perennial shrubs, herbs, and biotic soil crusts that were able to persist in spite of variable and scarce precipitation. This native ecosystem resilience is increasingly coveted by land owners and managers as more hectares lose their resistance to Bromus grasses and similar exotics and as climate, land use, and disturbance-regime changes are also superimposed. Managers are increasingly challenged to glean basic services from these ecosystems as they become invaded. Exotic annual grasses reduce wildlife and livestock carrying capacity and increase the frequency and extent of wildfi res and associated soil erosion. This book uses a unique ecoregional and multidisciplinary approach to evaluate the invasiveness, impacts, and management of the large Bromus genus. Students, researchers, and practitioners interested in Bromus specifically and invasive exotics in general will benefit from the depth of knowledge summarized in the book.



bromus ecosystems exotic grasses epidemic disease soilborne pathogen geomorphology

Editors and affiliations

  • Matthew J. Germino
    • 1
  • Jeanne C. Chambers
    • 2
  • Cynthia S. Brown
    • 3
  1. 1.US Geological SurveyBoiseUSA
  2. 2.Rocky Mountain Experimental StationUS Forest ServiceRenoUSA
  3. 3.Colorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Exotic Brome-Grasses in Arid and Semiarid Ecosystems of the Western US
  • Book Subtitle Causes, Consequences, and Management Implications
  • Editors Matthew J. Germino
    Jeanne C. Chambers
    Cynthia S. Brown
  • Series Title Springer Series on Environmental Management
  • Series Abbreviated Title Springer Ser.Environment.Management
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science Earth and Environmental Science (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-24928-5
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-79701-4
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-24930-8
  • Series ISSN 0172-6161
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages IX, 475
  • Number of Illustrations 42 b/w illustrations, 44 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Environmental Management
    Landscape Ecology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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