These guidelines make recommendations regarding the
management of individuals with a body mass index greater than 25.0 kg/m2
and cover all age groups, from children to the elderly, as well as various
patient subsets. A range of measures to yield health benefits are set out,
including healthy eating plans, increased physical activity, and behavioral
modifications to help patients to manage obesity. In addition, recommendations are
made on the use of bariatric surgery and the new antiobesity drugs. Throughout
the process of developing the recommendations, every attempt was made to ensure
use of a rigorous, evidence-based approach.
The guidelines are promoted by the Italian Society of Obesity (SIO) and
were formulated in compliance with a prespecified process overseen by a
steering committee. They are intended for use by a wide range of clinicians,
including general practitioners, primary health care nurses, and primary health
care professionals, and will hopefully prove of value in combating the obesity
epidemic not only in Italy but across Europe and elsewhere in the world.