Psychology as the Science of Human Being

The Yokohama Manifesto

  • Jaan Valsiner
  • Giuseppina Marsico
  • Nandita Chaudhary
  • Tatsuya Sato
  • Virginia Dazzani

Part of the Annals of Theoretical Psychology book series (AOTP, volume 13)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxiii
  2. The Knowing of Being Human

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Svend Brinkmann
      Pages 3-16
    3. Gerhard Benetka, Amrei C. Joerchel
      Pages 17-32
    4. Sergio Salvatore
      Pages 33-49
    5. Vlad Petre Glăveanu, Brady Wagoner
      Pages 67-83
  3. Marking Signs—Creating Ourselves: The Realities of Imagination

  4. Values and Ways of Human Being

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 191-191
    2. Kolja Lehmann-Muriithi, Carolina de Resende Damas Cardoso, James T. Lamiell
      Pages 209-223
    3. Angela Uchoa Branco
      Pages 225-244
    4. Rusi Jaspal, Kevin R. Carriere, Fathali M. Moghaddam
      Pages 265-276
  5. Human Being as a Generalizing Meaning Creator

  6. Creating Future Horizons

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 325-325
    2. Giuseppina Marsico, Achille C. Varzi
      Pages 327-335
    3. Virgínia Dazzani
      Pages 337-347
    4. Mark Freeman
      Pages 349-364
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 365-375

About this book


This book brings together a group of scholars from around the world who view psychology as the science of human ways of being. Being refers to the process of existing - through construction of the human world – here, rather than to an ontological state. This collection includes work that has the goal to establish the newly developed area of cultural psychology as the science of specifically human ways of existence. It comes as a next step after the “behaviorist turn” that has dominated psychology over most of the 20th century, and like its successor in the form of “cognitivism”, kept psychology away from addressing issues of specifically human ways of relating with their worlds. Such linking takes place through intentional human actions: through the creation of complex tools for living, entertainment, and work. Human beings construct tools to make other tools. Human beings invent religious systems, notions of economic rationality and legal systems; they enter into aesthetic enjoyment of various aspects of life in art, music, and literature; they have the capability of inventing national identities that can be summoned to legitimate one’s killing of one’s neighbors, or being killed oneself.

The contributions to this volume focus on the central goal of demonstrating that psychology as a science needs to start from the phenomena of higher psychological functions, and then look at how their lower counterparts are re-organized from above. That kind of investigation is inevitably interdisciplinary - it links psychology with anthropology, philosophy, sociology, history, and developmental biology. Various contributions to this volume are based on the work of Lev Vygotsky, George Herbert Mead, Henri Bergson, and on traditions of Ganzheitspsychologie and Gestalt psychology.

Psychology as the Science of Human Being is a valuable resource to psychologists, sociologists, philosophers, biologists, and anthropologists alike.​


Psychology and phenomenology cultural psychology and behaviorism cultural psychology and cognitivism psychology and human science psychology and qualitative methods psychology and qualitative science

Editors and affiliations

  • Jaan Valsiner
    • 1
  • Giuseppina Marsico
    • 2
  • Nandita Chaudhary
    • 3
  • Tatsuya Sato
    • 4
  • Virginia Dazzani
    • 5
  1. 1.Aalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark
  2. 2.University of SalernoSalernoItaly
  3. 3.University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Ritsumeikan UniversityKyotoJapan
  5. 5.Universidade Federal da BahiaSalvadorBrazil

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