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Liquid Crystals in Biotribology

Synovial Joint Treatment

  • Sergey Ermakov
  • Alexandr Beletskii
  • Oleg Eismont
  • Vladimir Nikolaev

Part of the Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering book series (BIOMEDICAL)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Sergey Ermakov, Alexandr Beletskii, Oleg Eismont, Vladimir Nikolaev
    Pages 1-36
  3. Sergey Ermakov, Alexandr Beletskii, Oleg Eismont, Vladimir Nikolaev
    Pages 37-56
  4. Sergey Ermakov, Alexandr Beletskii, Oleg Eismont, Vladimir Nikolaev
    Pages 57-97
  5. Sergey Ermakov, Alexandr Beletskii, Oleg Eismont, Vladimir Nikolaev
    Pages 99-121
  6. Sergey Ermakov, Alexandr Beletskii, Oleg Eismont, Vladimir Nikolaev
    Pages 123-166
  7. Sergey Ermakov, Alexandr Beletskii, Oleg Eismont, Vladimir Nikolaev
    Pages 167-203
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 205-211

About this book

Introduction

This book summarizes the theoretical and experimental studies confirming the concept of the liquid-crystalline nature of boundary lubrication in synovial joints. It is shown that cholesteric liquid crystals in the synovial liquid play a significant role in the mechanism of intra-articular friction reduction. The results of structural, rheological and tribological research of the creation of artificial synovial liquids - containing cholesteric liquid crystals in natural synovial liquids - are described. These liquid crystals reproduce the lubrication properties of natural synovia and provide a high chondroprotective efficiency. They were tested in osteoarthritis models and in clinical practice.

Keywords

Biological mechanisms of reducing joint friction Biomechanics of joint synovia Boundary lubrication in synovial joints Cholesteric liquid crystals Friction and lubrication of solids Friction, wear, and lubrication of joints Intra-articular friction Lubrication properties of synovia Reducing joint friction Treatment of joint pathologies

Authors and affiliations

  • Sergey Ermakov
    • 1
  • Alexandr Beletskii
    • 2
  • Oleg Eismont
    • 3
  • Vladimir Nikolaev
    • 4
  1. 1.V. A. Belyi Metal-Polymer Research Inst.National Academy of Sciences of BelarusGomelBelarus
  2. 2.Republican Scientific Center for Traumatology and OrthopedyMinskBelarus
  3. 3.Republican Scientific Center for Traumatology and OrthopedyMinskBelarus
  4. 4.Department of Traumatology and OrthopedyGomel State Medical UniversityGomelBelarus

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20349-2
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-20348-5
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-20349-2
  • Series Print ISSN 1618-7210
  • Series Online ISSN 2197-5647
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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