© 2016

Galactic Bulges

  • Eija Laurikainen
  • Reynier Peletier
  • Dimitri Gadotti


  • Addresses the key open question - what is the fraction of galaxies with no classical bulges in the local Universe

  • Attempts to clarify the role of the various types of bulges during the mass build-up of galaxies

  • Serves as an essential entry point for PhD students and non-specialists


Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 418)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Distinguishing the Main Types of Bulges

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 13-13
    2. Jairo Méndez-Abreu
      Pages 15-40
    3. Eija Laurikainen, Heikki Salo
      Pages 77-106
    4. David R. Cole, Victor P. Debattista
      Pages 107-124
  3. Observational Properties of Bulges in Galaxy Surveys

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 125-125
    2. Patricia Sánchez-Blázquez
      Pages 127-159
    3. Jesús Falcón-Barroso
      Pages 161-183
  4. The Milky Way Bulge

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 197-197
    2. Juntai Shen, Zhao-Yu Li
      Pages 233-260
  5. Coevolution of Bulges and Black Holes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 261-261
  6. Theory

About this book


This book consists of invited reviews on Galactic Bulges written by experts in the field. A central point of the book is that, while in the standard picture of galaxy formation a significant amount of the baryonic mass is expected to reside in classical bulges, the question what is the fraction of galaxies with no classical bulges in the local Universe has remained open. The most spectacular example of a galaxy with no significant classical bulge is the Milky Way. The reviews of this book attempt to clarify the role of the various types of bulges during the mass build-up of galaxies, based on morphology, kinematics, and stellar populations, and connecting their properties at low and high redshifts. The observed properties are compared with the predictions of the theoretical models, accounting for the many physical processes leading to the central mass concentration and their destruction in galaxies. This book serves as an entry point for PhD students and non-specialists and as a reference work for researchers in the field.


Dark Matter Formation of Galactic Bulges Galactic Bulges Galaxy Formation and Evolution Milky Way Bulges Properties of Galactic Bulges Pseudobulges Secular Evolution of Galaxies Star clusters Supermassive Black Holes

Editors and affiliations

  • Eija Laurikainen
    • 1
  • Reynier Peletier
    • 2
  • Dimitri Gadotti
    • 3
  1. 1.University of OuluAstronomy and Space PhOuluFinland
  2. 2.Kapteyn InstituteUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.European Southern Observatory (ESO)SantiagoChile

About the editors

Dr. Eija Laurikainen is Senior researcher at Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO (FINCA), working at the University of Oulu. She is primary or co-investigator in several international collaborations on galaxy research.

Dr. Reynier F. Peletier is Full Professor and Department Chair of the Kapteyn Institute of the University of Groningen. His main research focus is on formation and evolution of galaxies.

Dr. Dimitri A. Gadotti is ESO Faculty/Operations Staff Astronomer. His research aims at understanding the formation and evolution of galaxies.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Galactic Bulges
  • Editors Eija Laurikainen
    Reynier Peletier
    Dimitri Gadotti
  • Series Title Astrophysics and Space Science Library
  • Series Abbreviated Title Astrophysics, Space Sci.
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy Physics and Astronomy (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-19377-9
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-37210-5
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-19378-6
  • Series ISSN 0067-0057
  • Series E-ISSN 2214-7985
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XII, 481
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site