© 2016

Biotechnological strategies for the conservation of medicinal and ornamental climbers

  • Anwar Shahzad
  • Shiwali Sharma
  • Saeed A. Siddiqui

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Origin, Evolution and Diversification of Climbers

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Shiwali Sharma, Anwar Shahzad
      Pages 3-19
  3. Climbers as Medicine and Conservation Challenges

  4. Plant Tissue Culture: A Rapid and Most Reliable Approach for Plant Diversity Conservation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 139-139
    2. Anwar Shahzad, Vikas Yadav, Zishan Ahmad
      Pages 141-162
    3. Shiwali Sharma, Anwar Shahzad, Rakhshanda Akhtar, Anamica Upadhyay
      Pages 163-193
    4. Anwar Shahzad, Shiwali Sharma, Saeed A. Siddiqui
      Pages 195-216
    5. Anwar Shahzad, Anamica Upadhyay, Shiwali Sharma, Taiba Saeed
      Pages 239-258
  5. Synthetic Seed: A New Horizon for Conservation and Transportation of Germplam

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 291-291
    2. Arjumend Shaheen, Anwar Shahzad
      Pages 293-308
  6. Metabolic Engineering and Synthetic Biology for Bioactive Compounds and Their Improvement

  7. Genetic Transformations: A Desired Approach for Quality Improvement

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 325-325
    2. Taiba Saeed, Anwar Shahzad
      Pages 327-350

About this book


Since time immemorial human beings are utilizing plants, apart from food and shelter, as medicine to cure ailments and ornamentals as aesthetic value. The recognized plants for medicinal uses mostly belong to tree, shrub and herbs, but there is another group of plants categorized as “CLIMBERS”. The climbing habit is a key innovation in angiosperms evolution. Climbing plant taxa have greater species richness than their non-climbing sister groups. Although it is considered as highly diversified clades but a much neglected group of the plants. In contrast with either erect or prostrate species, which occupy a narrow range of the light, climbers may use a very broad range of light availability. With the occupation of such an expanded ecological niche-ranging from forest floor to understory to forest canopy- a greater exposure to different pollinator, fruit/seed dispersers and herbivores would be granted. Almost one-third of the plant families includes climbers and contributes significantly to the function of any forest system.

Climbers are not well investigated by the researchers, however considerable information has been gathered in this book, which delineates for the researchers and readers to exploit medicinal and ornamental climbers for their benefit. As concerted efforts have not been made to popularize climbers for medicinal and aesthetic uses, the contributions made in this book will provide a platform to move ahead for better utilization of climbers in the service of human beings. This book offers an insightful look on different biotechnological interventions for the conservation of medicinal and ornamental climbers. The book starts with a discussion on the evolution and diversification of climbers among the angiosperms. Thereafter chapters describe various approaches of conservation, biotechnological strategies like micropropagation, synseed production, genetic transformation for the quality improvement, production of bioactive compounds under in vitro conditions. This book also provides a compilation of standardized in vitro micropropagtion protocols for some threatened climbers. It also includes chapters on various molecular markers and their application in medicinal and ornamental climbers for their desired improvement. The book provides an essential information for advanced students, teachers and research scientists it the field of plant biotechnology, pharmaceutical industries and medical sciences.


Germplasm conservation Hairy root culture Micropropagation Secondary metabolites Synthetic seeds

Editors and affiliations

  • Anwar Shahzad
    • 1
  • Shiwali Sharma
    • 2
  • Saeed A. Siddiqui
    • 3
  1. 1.Plant Biotechnology Section, Department of BotanyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  2. 2.Plant Biotechnology Section, Department of BotanyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  3. 3.Plant Biotechnology Section, Department of BotanyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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