© 2015

Real Mathematical Analysis


Part of the Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics book series (UTM)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Charles C. Pugh
    Pages 1-55
  3. Charles C. Pugh
    Pages 57-148
  4. Charles C. Pugh
    Pages 149-210
  5. Charles C. Pugh
    Pages 211-276
  6. Charles C. Pugh
    Pages 277-382
  7. Charles C. Pugh
    Pages 383-465
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 467-478

About this book


Based on an honors course taught by the author at UC Berkeley, this introduction to undergraduate real analysis gives a different emphasis by stressing the importance of pictures and hard problems. Topics include: a natural construction of the real numbers, four-dimensional visualization, basic point-set topology, function spaces, multivariable calculus via differential forms (leading to a simple proof of the Brouwer Fixed Point Theorem), and a pictorial treatment of Lebesgue theory. Over 150 detailed illustrations elucidate abstract concepts and salient points in proofs. The exposition is informal and relaxed, with many helpful asides, examples, some jokes, and occasional comments from mathematicians, such as Littlewood, Dieudonné, and Osserman. This book thus succeeds in being more comprehensive, more comprehensible, and more enjoyable, than standard introductions to analysis.

New to the second edition of Real Mathematical Analysis is a presentation of Lebesgue integration done almost entirely using the undergraph approach of Burkill. Payoffs include: concise picture proofs of the Monotone and Dominated Convergence Theorems, a one-line/one-picture proof of Fubini's theorem from Cavalieri’s Principle, and, in many cases, the ability to see an integral result from measure theory. The presentation includes Vitali’s Covering Lemma, density points — which are rarely treated in books at this level — and the almost everywhere differentiability of monotone functions. Several new exercises now join a collection of over 500 exercises that pose interesting challenges and introduce special topics to the student keen on mastering this beautiful subject.


Brouwer fixed point theorem Lebesgue integral Riemann integral calculus mathematical analysis multivariable calculus nowhere differentiable continuous function point-set topology real analysis real numbers uniform convergence

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsUniversity of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

About the authors

Charles C. Pugh is Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley. His research interests include geometry and topology, dynamical systems, and normal hyperbolicity.

Bibliographic information