© 2015

History of Nordic Computing 4

4th IFIP WG 9.7 Conference, HiNC 4, Copenhagen, Denmark, August 13-15, 2014, Revised Selected Papers

  • Christian Gram
  • Per Rasmussen
  • Søren Duus Østergaard
Conference proceedings HiNC 2014

Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 447)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIV
  2. IT Policy

  3. Infrastructure

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 47-47
    2. Søren Duus Østergaard
      Pages 58-64
    3. Niels Eilif Hansen
      Pages 65-77
  4. Public Services

  5. Private Services

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 125-125
    2. Axel Hvidtfeldt
      Pages 127-138
    3. Carina Sørensen, Michael Nielsen
      Pages 139-146

About these proceedings


This book constitutes the refereed post-proceedings of the 4th IFIP WG 9.7 Conference on the History of Nordic Computing, HiNC 4, held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in August 2014. The 37 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in this volume. The papers focus on innovative ICT milestones that transformed the nordic societies and on the new ideas, systems and solutions that helped creating the welfare societies of today, in particular solutions and systems for public services, e.g., tax, social benefits, health care and education; solutions and systems for the infrastructure of the society, e.g., banking, insurance, telephones, transport and energy supply; and technologies and IT policies behind the major IT milestones, e.g., user centric innovation, programming techniques and IT ethics. They are organized in topical sections on IT policy, infrastructure, public services, private services, telesystems, health care, IT in banking, transport and IT technology.


Banking Codes of ethics Commerce policy Computing education Computing profession Denmark Healthcare History of computing ICT Information technology Innovation Medical information policy Nordic countries Norway Private services Public services Sweden Technology policy

Editors and affiliations

  • Christian Gram
    • 1
  • Per Rasmussen
    • 2
  • Søren Duus Østergaard
    • 3
  1. 1.Technical University of DenmarkBagsvaerdDenmark
  2. 2.IT University of CopenhagenKlampenborgDenmark
  3. 3.IT University of Copenhagen and Duus Communication ApSBirkerødDenmark

Bibliographic information