© 2015

Consumption-Based Approaches in International Climate Policy


  • Presents a new approach to examine incentive effects of climate policies

  • A simple, stylized analytical model helps readers to understand the different consequences of consumption - as compared to production-based climate policies

  • Analyzes the cost-effectiveness of different climate policy variants


Part of the Springer Climate book series (SPCL)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Christian Lininger
    Pages 1-14
  3. The Economic, Political, and Legal Background

  4. Theoretical Analysis

  5. Implementing Consumption-Based Policy Approaches

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 203-203
    2. Christian Lininger
      Pages 243-249

About this book


This book analyses the potentials and consequences of a change from production-based to consumption-based approaches in international climate policy. With the help of an analytical model, the author investigates the effects of different policy variants on environmental effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, carbon leakage, competitiveness and the global distribution of income. The economic, legal, and political background and the often contradictory findings on consumption-based approaches are reviewed in great detail. In the final chapters, options for practical policy design are developed. The book concludes that a switch to consumption orientation is not a policy tool whereby industrialized countries can unilaterally improve climate policy effectiveness, but should rather be seen as a possible intermediate step on the way to a fully multilateral mitigation strategy.


Border Carbon Adjustments Carbon Leakage Consumption-Based Climate Policy Cost-Effectiveness Emissions Embodied in Trade Trade Policy

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Wegener Center for Climate and Global Change, University of Graz, GrazAustrian Broadcasting Corporation (ORF)ViennaAustria

About the authors

Christian Lininger is a journalist specializing in foreign affairs and an economist. For two decades he has covered international politics from around the globe for the ORF, the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation. Currently, he works as the ORF’s Moscow correspondent. Lininger’s economic research interests are international economics, environmental economics and climate policy. While writing this book, Lininger worked at the Wegener Center for Climate and Global Change, University of Graz, Austria.

Bibliographic information

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