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Inertia and Gravitation

The Fundamental Nature and Structure of Space-Time

  • Herbert Pfister
  • Markus King

Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 897)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Herbert Pfister, Markus King
    Pages 1-47
  3. Herbert Pfister, Markus King
    Pages 119-152
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 153-180

About this book

Introduction

This book focuses on the phenomena of inertia and gravitation, one objective being to shed some new light on the basic laws of gravitational interaction and the fundamental nature and structures of spacetime. Chapter 1 is devoted to an extensive, partly new analysis of the law of inertia. The underlying mathematical and geometrical structure of Newtonian spacetime is presented from a four-dimensional point of view, and some historical difficulties and controversies - in particular the concepts of free particles and straight lines - are critically analyzed, while connections to projective geometry are also explored. The relativistic extensions of the law of gravitation and its intriguing consequences are studied in Chapter 2. This is achieved, following the works of Weyl, Ehlers, Pirani and Schild, by adopting a point of view of the combined conformal and projective structure of spacetime. Specifically, Mach’s fundamental critique of Newton’s concepts of ‘absolute space’ and ‘absolute time’ was a decisive motivation for Einstein’s development of general relativity, and his equivalence principle provided a new perspective on inertia. In Chapter 3 the very special mathematical structure of Einstein’s field equations is analyzed, and some of their remarkable physical predictions are presented. By analyzing different types of dragging phenomena, Chapter 4 reviews to what extent the equivalence principle is realized in general relativity - a question intimately connected to the ‘new force’ of gravitomagnetism, which was theoretically predicted by Einstein and Thirring but which was only recently experimentally confirmed and is thus of current interest.

Keywords

Gravitoelectromagnetic Field History and Philosophy of Gravity Theory Inertia and Gravitation Lense-Thirring Effect Mach Principle Rotational Frame-dragging

Authors and affiliations

  • Herbert Pfister
    • 1
  • Markus King
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikUniversität TübingenTübingenGermany
  2. 2.Fakultät EngineeringHochschule Albstadt-SigmaringenAlbstadtGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15036-9
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-15035-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-15036-9
  • Series Print ISSN 0075-8450
  • Series Online ISSN 1616-6361
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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