© 2015

Formalizing the Shadow Economy in Serbia

Policy Measures and Growth Effects

  • Gorana Krstić
  • Friedrich Schneider
  • Latest theoretical and empirical research on shadow economy in Serbia and other Central and Eastern European countries

  • Investigates thoroughly the consequences of the shadow economy for the official economy

  • Shows policy measures to successfully reduce shadow economy, covering tax policy, regulation, labour market institutions and the financial sector

  • Includes a special survey of registered enterprises and entrepreneurs in Serbia

Open Access

Part of the Contributions to Economics book series (CE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Gorana Krstić
    Pages 1-3 Open Access
  3. Mihail Arandarenko
    Pages 5-12 Open Access
  4. Milojko Arsić, Mihail Arandarenko, Branko Radulović, Saša Ranđelović, Irena Janković
    Pages 21-46 Open Access
  5. Friedrich Schneider, Gorana Krstić, Milojko Arsić, Saša Ranđelović
    Pages 47-75 Open Access
  6. Gorana Krstić, Branko Radulović
    Pages 77-99 Open Access
  7. Milojko Arsić, Gorana Krstić
    Pages 101-107 Open Access
  8. Gorana Krstić, Friedrich Schneider, Mihail Arandarenko, Milojko Arsić, Branko Radulović, Saša Ranđelović et al.
    Pages 123-158 Open Access
  9. Gorana Krstić, Friedrich Schneider, Mihail Arandarenko, Milojko Arsić, Branko Radulović, Saša Ranđelović et al.
    Pages 159-170 Open Access
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 171-179

About this book


The main objective of this book is to develop a strategy and policy measures to enhance the formalization of the shadow economy in order to improve the competitiveness of the economy and contribute to economic growth; it explores these issues with special reference to Serbia. The size and development of the shadow economy in Serbia and other Central and Eastern European countries are estimated using two different methods (the MIMIC method and household-tax-compliance method). Micro-estimates are based on a special survey of business entities in Serbia, which for the first time allows us to explore the shadow economy from the perspective of enterprises and entrepreneurs. The authors identify the types of shadow economy at work in business entities, the determinants of shadow economy participation, and the impact of competition from the informal sector on businesses. Readers will learn both about the potential fiscal effects of reducing the shadow economy to the levels observed in more developed countries and the effects that formalization of the shadow economy can have on economic growth.


Economic growth Enterprises Policy measures Serbia Shadow economy

Editors and affiliations

  • Gorana Krstić
    • 1
  • Friedrich Schneider
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of EconomicsUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsUniversity of LinzLinzAustria

About the editors

Gorana Krstić is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade. She obtained her PhD in Economics at School of Social Sciences, Sussex University in 2002. Her main research interests are the labour markets, informal economy, poverty and social policy. She has published (and edited) 16 monographs in these fields and has had more than 40 articles published in both national and international journals. She has been consulting short and long term for leading international agencies, including the World Bank, UNDP, ILO, EC and USAID.

Since 1986 Friedrich Schneider has been Professor of Economics at Johannes Kepler University of Linz, Austria. He obtained his PhD in Economics from the University of Konstanz in 1976 and has held numerous visiting and honorary positions at a number of universities. He was the European Editor of Public Choice from 1991 to 2004 and has published extensively in leading economics journals including The Quarterly Journal of Economics, The American Economic Review, The Economic Journal, and Kyklos. He has published (1974 – December 2013) 70 books, 206 articles in scientific journals, and 178 articles in edited volumes.

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Finance, Business & Banking