Advertisement

© 2015

Survival and Sacrifice in Mars Exploration

What We Know from Polar Expeditions

Book

Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)

Also part of the Space Exploration book sub series (SPACEE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxv
  2. Erik Seedhouse
    Pages 1-21
  3. Erik Seedhouse
    Pages 23-40
  4. Erik Seedhouse
    Pages 41-67
  5. Erik Seedhouse
    Pages 69-95
  6. Erik Seedhouse
    Pages 97-109
  7. Erik Seedhouse
    Pages 111-134
  8. Erik Seedhouse
    Pages 135-146
  9. Erik Seedhouse
    Pages 147-161
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 163-163

About this book

Introduction

With current technology, a voyage to Mars and back will take three

years. That’s a lot of time for things to go wrong. But sooner or later

a commercial enterprise will commit itself to sending humans to Mars.

How will the astronauts survive? Some things to consider are:

ith current technology, a voyage to Mars and back will take three

years. That’s a lot of time for things to go wrong. But sooner or later

a commercial enterprise will commit itself to sending humans to Mars.

How will the astronauts survive? Some things to consider are:

• Who decides what medical resources are used for whom?

Who decides what medical resources are used for whom?

• What is the relative weight of mission success and the health of the

crew?

What is the relative weight of mission success and the health of the

crew?

• Do we allow crewmembers to sacrifi ce their lives for the good of the

mission?

Do we allow crewmembers to sacrifi ce their lives for the good of the

mission?

• And what if a crewmember does perish? Do we store the body for

return to Earth or give the member a burial in space?

Questions like these, and hundreds of others, have been explored by

science fi ction, but scant attention has been paid by those designing

missions. Fortunately, the experience gained in polar exploration more

than 100 years ago provides crews and mission planners with a framework

to deal with contingencies and it is this that forms the core of this book.

Why the parallels between polar and space exploration? Because polar

exploration offers a better analogy for a Mars mission today than those

invoked by the space community. Although astronauts are routinely

compared to Lewis and Clark, Mars-bound astronauts will be closer in their

roles to polar explorers. And, as much as space has been described as a

New Frontier, Mars bears greater similarity to the polar regions, which is

why so much can be learned from those who ventured there.

And what if a crewmember does perish? Do we store the body forreturn to Earth or give the member a burial in space?

Questions like these, and hundreds of others, have been explored by

science fi ction, but scant attention has been paid by those designing

missions. Fortunately, the experience gained in polar exploration more

than 100 years ago provides crews and mission planners with a framework

to deal with contingencies and it is this that forms the core of this book.

Why the parallels between polar and space exploration? Because polar

exploration offers a better analogy for a Mars mission today than those

invoked by the space community. Although astronauts are routinely

compared to Lewis and Clark, Mars-bound astronauts will be closer in their

roles to polar explorers. And, as much as space has been described as a

New Frontier, Mars bears greater similarity to the polar regions, which is

why so much can be learned from those who ventured there.

Keywords

Arctic Exploration Astronaut Training Behavioural Challenges Bone Deconditioning Landing on Mars Life Support Systems Mars Exploration Mission Architecture Polar Expedition Survival Radiation Hazards in Space Space Rescue Missions

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Suborbital TrainingAstronaut InstructorSandefjordNorway

About the authors

Erik Seedhouse is a Norwegian suborbital astronaut whose life-long ambition is to work in space. After completing a degree in Sports Science, the author joined the 2nd Battalion the Parachute Regiment. During his time in the “Para’s”, Erik spent six months in Belize, where he was trained in the art of jungle warfare. Later, he spent several months learning the intricacies of desert warfare in Cyprus. He made more than 30 jumps from a C130, performed more than 200 helicopter abseils, and fired more anti-tank weapons than he cares to remember! 

            Upon returning to the comparatively mundane world of academia, the author embarked upon a master’s degree in Medical Science, supporting his studies by winning prize money in 100-km running races. After placing third in the World 100 km Championships, the author turned to ultra-distance triathlon, winning the World Endurance Triathlon Championships in 1995 and 1996. For good measure, he won the World Double Ironman Championships and the Decatriathlon, an event requiring competitors to swim 38 km, cycle 1,800 km, and run 422 km. Non-stop!

            Returning to academia, Erik pursued his Ph.D. at the German Space Agency’s Institute for Space Medicine. While studying, he won Ultraman Hawaii and the European Ultraman Championships, and completed Race Across America. As the world’s leading ultra-distance triathlete, Erik was featured in dozens of magazines and television interviews. In 1997, GQ magazine nominated him as the “Fittest Man in the World”.

            In 1999, Erik retired from triathlon and started post-doctoral studies. In 2005, he worked as an astronaut training consultant for Bigelow Aerospace and wrote Tourists in Space. He is a Fellow of the British Interplanetary Society and a member of the Space Medical Association. In 2009, he was one of the final 30 candidates in the Canadian Space Agency’s Astronaut Recruitment Campaign. Erik works as a spaceflight instructor for the American Astronautics Institute, professional speaker, triathlon coach, author, and Editor-in-Chief for the Handbook of Life Support Systems for Spacecraft. He is the Training Director for Astronauts for Hire and, between 2008 and 2013, he served as director of Canada’s manned centrifuge operations.

            In addition to being a suborbital astronaut, triathlete, centrifuge operator, pilot, and author, Erik is an avid mountaineer and is pursuing his goal of climbing the Seven Summits. Survival and Sacrifice is his seventeenth book. When not writing, he spends as much time as possible in Kona on the Big Island of Hawaii and at his real home in Sandefjord, Norway. Erik and his wife, Doina, are owned by three rambunctious cats – Jasper, Mini-Mach, and Lava.

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Automotive
Energy, Utilities & Environment
Aerospace
Oil, Gas & Geosciences
Engineering