© 2016

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

  • Francesco Musco
  • Fosters decision support systems for effective long-term urban planning to mitigate and reduce urban heat islands, their impacts on urban areas, and with regard to proper synergies with climate protection

  • Reports and analyzes studies of the heat island effect in eight metropolitan areas in the European Union

  • Explores measures for counteracting heat islands phenomena, offering urban planning solutions applicable in Europe and beyond

Open Access

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-liii
  2. The Urban Heat Island: Evidence, Measures and Tools

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Joachim Fallmann, Stefan Emeis, Sven Wagner, Christine Ketterer, Andreas Matzarakis, Ilona Krüzselyi et al.
      Pages 3-39 Open Access
    3. Györgyi Baranka, L. Bozó, Rok Ciglič, Blaž Komac
      Pages 41-70 Open Access
    4. Ardeshir Mahdavi, Kristina Kiesel, Milena Vuckovic
      Pages 71-91 Open Access
    5. Andreas Matzarakis, Letizia Martinelli, Christine Ketterer
      Pages 93-107 Open Access
    6. Davide Fava, Graziella Guaragno, Claudia Dall’Olio
      Pages 109-127 Open Access
  3. Pilot Actions in European Cities

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 129-129
    2. Stefano Zauli Sajani, Stefano Marchesi, Paolo Lauriola, Rodica Tomozeiu, Lucio Botarelli, Giovanni Bonafè et al.
      Pages 131-200 Open Access
    3. Marco Noro, Renato Lazzarin, Filippo Busato
      Pages 201-219 Open Access
    4. Francesco Musco, Laura Fregolent, Davide Ferro, Filippo Magni, Denis Maragno, Davide Martinucci et al.
      Pages 221-256 Open Access
    5. Doris Damyanovic, Florian Reinwald, Christiane Brandenburg, Brigitte Allex, Birgit Gantner, Ulrich Morawetz et al.
      Pages 257-280 Open Access
    6. Rayk Rinke, Rainer Kapp, Ulrich Reuter, Christine Ketterer, Joachim Fallmann, Andreas Matzarakis et al.
      Pages 281-303 Open Access
    7. Krzysztof Błażejczyk, Magdalena Kuchcik, Wojciech Dudek, Beata Kręcisz, Anna Błażejczyk, Paweł Milewski et al.
      Pages 305-321 Open Access
    8. Blaž Komac, Rok Ciglič, Alenka Loose, Miha Pavšek, Svetlana Čermelj, Krištof Oštir et al.
      Pages 323-344 Open Access
    9. Györgyi Baranka, R. Ongjerth, F. Szkordikisz, O. Kocsis
      Pages 345-372 Open Access
    10. Michal Žák, Pavel Zahradníček, Petr Skalák, Tomáš Halenka, Dominik Aleš, Vladimír Fuka et al.
      Pages 373-400 Open Access
  4. Györgyi Baranka, L. Bozó, Rok Ciglič, Blaž Komac
    Pages E1-E2 Open Access

About this book


Urban Heat Islands (UHIs) are a microclimatic phenomenon which manifests as a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to their surrounding areas. Recently the phenomenon has been enforced by the tendency to climate change and in particular by extreme climate events. This book presents and analyzes the results of a project to develop and apply mitigation and adaptation strategies and measures for counteracting the global urban heat islands phenomenon, supported by the EU’s Central Europe Regional Development Fund.

Pilot studies were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padua, and Vienna. The project involved feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of UHIs, and focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterized by the presence of historical old towns.

The first part of the book is devoted to evidence, measures and tools, including tools to facilitate UHI analysis and decision support systems. The second part explores measures for counteracting urban heat islands, including specific analysis of the case studies and offering solutions for European cities. The volume includes supplemental materials such as references, glossaries and keyword lists.

The UHI management plans developed here can be integrated into national and regional sustainable development approaches for urban and land planning. They can also contribute to the application of innovative urban planning techniques that foster a new “climate proof” planning approach in European cities.

UHI project has been implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF


adaptation policies climate change impacts mitigation policies urban heat islands urban warming

Editors and affiliations

  • Francesco Musco
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Design and Planning in Complex EnvironmentsIUAV University of VeniceVeniceItaly

About the editors

Francesco Musco, Francesco Musco (1973), architect and urban planner, PhD in Analysis and Governance of Sustainable Development (Ca’ Foscari, Venice), Associate professor in Urban and Regional Planning at the Department of Design and Planning in Complex Environment, University Iuav of Venice. Currently teaches “Environmental Planning”, “Territorial Design for Climate Change” and “Urban Design”. Dean of the EU Erasmus Mundus Master Course on MSP Maritime Spatial Planning (2013-2019). Member of the academic board of the European Master in Planning and policies for the City, Environment and Landscape ( and of PhD program in “Planning and public policies for the territory”. Supporter of a multidisciplinary approach to city and spatial planning, during the last years he finalized his research activity to the relationship between planning and sustainability, with particular attention to the implementation of bottom-up public policies to define sustainable development in local contexts. He is responsible of international agreements of scientific collaboration with Drexel University (Philadelphia, US), John Hopkins University (Baltimore, US), University of Reading (UK), University of Seville (ES), Future University (Khartum, Sudan). Scientific coordinator of several projects granted by competitive bids, among these:

  • ·         City Action Plans in Climate Adaptation: a Global Comparative Analysis (2011) (Santander Foundation, Madrid)
  • ·         Naterg - Developing with Nature (EU South East Europe Program) (2009-2011)
  • ·         UHI Development and application of mitigation and adaptation strategies and measures for counteracting the global Urban Heat Islands phenomenon in climate change scenario” (EU Central Europe Program) (2011- 2014);
  • ·         Sustainable development and new asset of territorial planning in the wetland area Humedal de Mantequilla” (2012-2015), (UNDP and Veneto Region);
  • ·         ADRIPLAN (2013-2015) Adriatic Ionian Maritime Spatial Planning (EU DG Mare)
  • ·         URBAN_Wins (2015-2018) H2020 Waste 2015 6-b (EU Horizon 2020)

Member of AESOP Association of European School of Planning.


prof. Francesco Musco

Iuav University of Venice

S. Croce 1957

30135 Venice (Italy)

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