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© 2015

Heuristic Reasoning

  • Emiliano Ippoliti

Benefits

  • Suggests new frameworks for scientific discovery

  • Presents both methods of discovery as well as procedures for obtaining and evaluating new knowledge

  • Offers a new perspective on logic and methodologies of discovery, and discusses how these can support advancement of knowledge

  • Edited and written by leading experts in the field

Book

Part of the Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics book series (SAPERE, volume 16)

Table of contents

About this book

Introduction

How can we advance knowledge? Which methods do we need in order to make new discoveries? How can we rationally evaluate, reconstruct and offer discoveries as a means of improving the ‘method’ of discovery itself? And how can we use findings about scientific discovery to boost funding policies, thus fostering a deeper impact of scientific discovery itself?

The respective chapters in this book provide readers with answers to these questions. They focus on a set of issues that are essential to the development of types of reasoning for advancing knowledge, such as models for both revolutionary findings and paradigm shifts; ways of rationally addressing scientific disagreement, e.g. when a revolutionary discovery sparks considerable disagreement inside the scientific community; frameworks for both discovery and inference methods; and heuristics for economics and the social sciences.

Keywords

Ampliative reasoning Epistemic tolerance Heuristic appraisal Heuristic methods Hypothesis generation Logic of discovery New knowledge Rational disagreement Scientific disagreement Scientific discovery Scientific revolutions

Editors and affiliations

  • Emiliano Ippoliti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophySapienza University of RomeRomeItaly

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