© 2015

Handbook of Vocational Rehabilitation and Disability Evaluation

Application and Implementation of the ICF

  • Reuben Escorpizo
  • Sören Brage
  • Debra Homa
  • Gerold Stucki


  • Fills a gap in applying the WHO's ICF in VR teaching and practice

  • Addresses contemporary and emerging issues in vocational rehabilitation and disability evaluation

  • ICF will play major role in upcoming revision of WHO's International Classification of Diseases


Part of the Handbooks in Health, Work, and Disability book series (SHHDW)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Introduction

  3. State of the Field: Vocational Rehabilitation and Disability Evaluation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 105-105
    2. Sören Brage, Ása Dóra Konráðsdóttir, Gert Lindenger
      Pages 107-139
    3. Debra Homa, David DeLambo
      Pages 161-186
    4. Matilde Leonardi, Davide Sattin, Rui Quintas, Ambra Mara Giovannetti, Alberto Raggi
      Pages 199-238
    5. Reuben Escorpizo, Logan M. Trenaman, William C. Miller
      Pages 239-261
    6. Robyn L. Tate, Grahame K. Simpson, Philippa McRae
      Pages 263-294
    7. Terry Krupa, Shu-Ping Chen, Glenda Carter
      Pages 335-354
    8. Chetwyn C. H. Chan, Eric W. Tsang, Andrew Siu, Henry Kwok, Andy Cheng
      Pages 355-369
    9. Stefan Staubli, Urban Schwegler, Klaus Schmitt, Bruno Trezzini
      Pages 371-396

About this book


For persons with chronic illnesses and disabling injuries, work prospects--especially for meaningful work with decent conditions--have traditionally been poor. With global efforts from the UN, WHO, ILO, and other bodies focusing attention on this wide-reaching issue, innovative tools are needed to translate large-scale goals into real-world outcomes.

 The framework offered by the Handbook of Vocational Rehabilitation and Disability Evaluation highlights the complex challenges and opportunities involved in enabling re-entry into the workforce. Geared to ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health) standards, this timely reference outlines current science-based methods in assessing impairment and capabilities and emerging approaches to management specifically relating to work participation. Separate chapters are devoted to evaluation and rehabilitation guidelines for individuals with brain injury, chronic musculoskeletal pain, mental illness, and other disabling conditions. And the chapters on ICF-based functioning measurement review the data on widely-used clinician- and patient-reported instruments and the recent Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ). Featured in the Handbook:

  • The impact of chronic disease on work participation and its implications for intervention and management.
  • Vocational assessment and job placement.
  • Spinal cord injury: vocational rehabilitation and disability evaluation.
  • Critical issues for mental health management in vocational rehabilitation.
  • Clinician-reported outcome measures: experiences from multicenter follow-up.
  • ICF-based tools in rehabilitation toward return-to-work.

The Handbook of Vocational Rehabilitation and Disability Evaluation is of critical interest to researchers, educators, and students in disability- and work-related fields. It is also a practical resource outside the campus setting, aiding those providing services to, as well as policymakers involved in improving the lives of, persons with disabilities.



International Classification of Functioning disability evaluation occupational rehabilitation rehabilitation counseling vocational rehabilitation work disability

Editors and affiliations

  • Reuben Escorpizo
    • 1
  • Sören Brage
    • 2
  • Debra Homa
    • 3
  • Gerold Stucki
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation and Movement ScienceUniversity of VermontBurlingtonUSA
  2. 2.Research UnitDirectorate for Labour and WelfareOsloNorway
  3. 3.Department of Rehabilitation and CounselUniversity of Wisconsin-StoutMenomonieUSA
  4. 4.Department of Health Sciences and Health PolicyUniversity of LucerneLucerneSwitzerland

About the editors

Reuben Escorpizo is a Clinical Assistant Professor in the Department of Rehabilitation and Movement Science at the University of Vermont in Burlington VT USA. Prior to moving to Burlington, he was an Assistant Professor in the Department of Physical Therapy at the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans, LA USA. He is also a senior research scientist at the Swiss Paraplegic Research and the ICF Research Branch in collaboration with the WHO Family of International Classifications in Germany (DIMDI), both located in Nottwil, Switzerland. He conducts research on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), patient outcomes, work and employment, work rehabilitation and return to work, spinal cord injury, and arthritis.


Søren Brage is a Chief Medical Officer and Researcher in the Research Section at the Directorate for Labour and Welfare, Oslo, Norway. He is also a practicing medical advisor for the National Insurance Administration. He is a family physician by background, and has been a Senior Researcher at the University of Oslo 1998-2007. He is an expert in Social Insurance Medicine, and President of the European Union of Insurance Medicine (EUMASS/UEMASS). In addition to research on the use of ICF in social insurance, his field of study includes sick leave, disability benefits, disease classifications, medical practice, and international collaboration.


Debra Homa is an Associate Professor in the Department of Rehabilitation and Counseling at the University of Wisconsin-Stout, where she teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in vocational assessment, job placement, and rehabilitation counseling.  She has over 25 years of experience working as a vocational evaluator and rehabilitation counselor in a variety of settings including private rehabilitation agencies, non-profit community-based rehabilitation agencies, and hospital-based programs.  Her current research interests include the ICF, vocational assessment, and client outcomes in rehabilitation, with an emphasis on employment outcomes.


Gerold Stucki is the Professor and Chair of the Department of Health Sciences and Health Policy at the University of Lucerne, and the Director of Swiss Paraplegic Research and Director of the ICF Research Branch in collaboration with the WHO Family of International Classifications. In this capacity as well as within his role as part of WHO’s ICD-11 Revision Steering Group and as past president of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM), he has been promoting the implementation of the ICF in medicine, rehabilitation and the health sector at large, developing transdisciplinary academic training programs focusing on human functioning, disability and health and has been collaborating with WHO on various projects toward achieving WHO´s vision that “all persons with disabilities live in dignity, with equal rights and opportunities"


Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Handbook of Vocational Rehabilitation and Disability Evaluation
  • Book Subtitle Application and Implementation of the ICF
  • Editors Reuben Escorpizo
    Sören Brage
    Debra Homa
    Gerold Stucki
  • Series Title Handbooks in Health, Work, and Disability
  • Series Abbreviated Title Handbooks in Health, Work, and Disability
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Medicine Medicine (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-08824-2
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-34400-3
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-08825-9
  • Series ISSN 2198-7084
  • Series E-ISSN 2198-7092
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XI, 571
  • Number of Illustrations 37 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Rehabilitation
    Health Psychology
    Public Health
    Occupational Therapy
    Psychotherapy and Counseling
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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“This book is a unique and comprehensive examination of issues related to employment among people with disability, using the important and timely perspective of the International Classification of Function as its organizing framework. … this book is important for broader audiences, including clinicians such as physicians and rehabilitation therapists … . The book is well organized and well written, with clear figures and excellent tables.” (Elliot J. Roth, Doody's Book Reviews, April, 2016)