© 2015

Life-cycle Cost Approach for Management of Environmental Resources

A Primer


Part of the SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science book series (BRIEFSENVIRONMENTAL)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. V. Ratna Reddy, Mathew Kurian, Reza Ardakanian
    Pages 1-16
  3. V. Ratna Reddy, Mathew Kurian, Reza Ardakanian
    Pages 17-37
  4. V. Ratna Reddy, Mathew Kurian, Reza Ardakanian
    Pages 39-65

About this book


This book demonstrates the application of Life-cycle Cost Approach (LCCA) in the management of infrastructure and other investment projects in the context of developing countries. The main goal is to identify potential opportunities for the adoption LCCA in developing countries, with the help of case studies and best practices. The editors observe that developing countries are plagued with poor and fluctuating service delivery which affords low or no priority for environmental protection. They seek to instill at the policy-making level an understanding of why life-cycle cost assessment is central to achieving the goals of sustainable development as well as sustainable service delivery and to influence the behavior of sector stakeholders.

The editors examine the evolution of LCCA from a project appraisal tool to a more comprehensive method of incorporating sustainable development aspects in a variety of sectors. By providing a compendium of concepts, tools and practical experiences, it seeks to broaden the application of LCCA, which is often limited to specific phases of the life-cycle with little or no weight given to environmental aspects.

The aim of the book is to mainstream LCCA into governance processes at institutional levels from local to national, in order to increase the ability and willingness of decision makers - both users and those involved in service planning, budgeting and delivery - to reach better informed and more relevant choices among different types and levels of products and services.


Life-cycle cost approach NEXUS environmental economics green economy sustainable service delivery

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.LNRMIHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.UNU-FLORES United Nations UniversityDresdenGermany
  3. 3.UNU-FLORES United Nations UniversityDresdenGermany

About the authors

Prof. Dr. Reza Ardakanian is the Founding Director of United Nations University Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources (UNU-FLORES^ry of Interior (1987–1989).

Dr. Mathew Kurian is Academic Officer and leads the Capacity Development and Governance unit at United Nations University Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources (UNU-FLORES). Prior to joining UNU-FLORES, he served as Senior Water and Sanitation Specialist at Water and Sanitation Programme (WSP) of The World Bank where he led policy advocacy efforts related to rural water supply, wastewater reuse, and climate adaptation options in secondary towns. He began his career as a Robert McNamara Fellow at the World Bank where his work on land tenure reform was hosted by the Tata Energy Research Institute (TERI), New Delhi.


Upon completing his PhD in Development Studies from the Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Erasmus University, The Hague, Netherlands, Dr. Kurian was employed as Associate Expert (Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs) at International Water Management Institute (IWMI-CGIAR) where he undertook assessments of soil and water conservation interventions in the Mekong and Nile river basins. In 2009 as member of faculty at UNESCO-IHE, Delft, Dr. Kurian led the development of a policy note on urban sanitation and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for the Directorate General of International Cooperation (DGIS) in the Netherlands. While still at UNESCO-IHE, Dr. Kurian developed an online e-learning course on governance of water and sanitation services in developing countries.


He has published in the area of water institutions and policy and has mentored students of the MSc programme in environment and development planning while on the faculty of University College London (UCL). His experience in the field of capacity development includes training civil servants and managers of water utilities in Iran and Tanzania, consulting assignments with the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Philippines and teaching undergraduate courses in human geography at the University of British Columbia (UBC) Vancouver, Canada. In his current function, he leads the design of public policy research, policy advocacy in support of evidence-based decision making and fund raising to support establishment of a nexus observatory network.

Bibliographic information

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Rising standards of living and expectations are putting ever greater demands to policy makers and service providers.  Citizens expect decent quality services, at low costs, and to live in a decent environment.  The natural reaction is to focus on capital investment in new infrastructure and services.  Yet decisions taken at the point of construction have major consequences for decades after construction is finished: in terms of quality of service, costs of maintenance and impact on the environment .  Its therefore imperative that planners and decision makers are able to factor in all the costs - financial and environmental - attached to different choices.  This book provides a timely and useful compendium of concepts, tools and practical experiences in using the life-cycle cost approach to make informed decisions about service delivery.  As such it is an invaluable tool to anyone who is involved in planning or decision making for sustainable service delivery.


(Dr. Patrick Moriarty, CEO, International Rescue Committee, The Hague, The Netherlands)