© 2014

Moral Contract Theory and Social Cognition

An Empirical Perspective


Part of the Theory and Decision Library A: book series (TDLA, volume 48)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Peter Timmerman
    Pages 1-20
  3. The Practicability Assumption

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 21-21
    2. Peter Timmerman
      Pages 23-43
    3. Peter Timmerman
      Pages 45-75
    4. Peter Timmerman
      Pages 109-125
  4. The Translucency Assumption

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 127-127
    2. Peter Timmerman
      Pages 129-145
    3. Peter Timmerman
      Pages 177-204
    4. Peter Timmerman
      Pages 205-214
    5. Peter Timmerman
      Pages 215-219
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 221-233

About this book


This interdisciplinary work draws on research from psychology and behavioral economics to evaluate the plausibility of moral contract theory. In a compelling manner with implications for moral theory more broadly, the author’s novel approach resolves a number of key contingencies in contractarianism and contractualism.
Acting in accordance with principles that we could all agree to under certain conditions requires that agents are capable of taking up the perspectives of others. Research in social and developmental psychology shows just how challenging this can be. The author discusses in detail what implications findings on perspective-taking have for contract theory. He concludes with cautious optimism that, despite our limitations, it lies within our power to become better at perspective-taking and to adopt a contractarian or contractualist mode of moral thinking. This does however require us to be much more attentive to the standpoints of others than we tend to be. 
Contract theorists also assume that agents can be moved to comply with principles that would be the object of agreement, with some arguing they can be so moved out of their own interest. The book show that, in contrast to the suspicion of many philosophers, this idea is largely supported by research on the dynamics of trust and our ability to distinguish trustworthy from untrustworthy others. Bringing a welcome dose of realism to the debate on contract theory, the author shows the value of assessing moral theories from an empirical perspective.


Contract Theory and Perspective-Taking Contract Theory and Translucency David Gauthier Detecting trustworthiness Empirical plausibility Golden opportunities Judging trustworthiness on the basis of nonverbal information Lie detection Limits of self-control Moral contract theory Moral development Perspective-Taking Accuracy and the Contract Test Perspective-Taking in Moral Judgment Practical advice for contractarian agents Signs of trustworthiness T.M. Scanlon Third party judgments

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.University of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

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