© 2014

Opening Markets for Foreign Skills: How Can the WTO Help?

Lessons from the EU and Uganda's Regional Services Deals


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Understanding the Concepts

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Joy Kategekwa
      Pages 3-21
    3. Joy Kategekwa
      Pages 23-57
    4. Joy Kategekwa
      Pages 59-80
  3. Demonstrating the Problem

  4. Exploring Solutions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 209-209
    2. Joy Kategekwa
      Pages 211-226
    3. Joy Kategekwa
      Pages 247-250
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 251-260

About this book


The Mode 4 commitments of WTO Members are narrow and shallow.  Even though trade negotiations for enhanced Mode 4 access started well before the launch of the DDA- prospects for success are thin.  These negotiations followed a traditional mercantilist approach- with limited attention to the underlying difficulties countries face in letting people into their borders, either generally, or on the basis of a WTO GATS commitment.   This Book argues that this approach alone will not succeed.  It proposes a focus not on trading market access concessions only, but on discussions aimed at understanding each other's regulatory approaches.  To date, in terms of the literature available, we know very little about how WTO Members are managing their Mode 4 commitments.  We know even less about how the WTO could learn from clearly more advanced steps in regional liberalization processes.  This Book addresses these issues- through case studies of market access and national treatment commitments, and regulatory approaches in Economic Integration Agreements of a select group of WTO Members.


Domestic regulation on Mode 4 European Union GATS General Agreement on Trade in Services International Trade in Services Labor Mobility Mode 4 in the GATS Regulatory cooperation in the GATS Uganda Economic Integration Agreements

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.GenevaSwitzerland

About the authors

Dr. Joy Kategekwa is a Ugandan international trade and investment law specialist currently working with the World Trade Organization's development division- where she focuses on special and differential treatment negotiations and African issues in the DDA. Before joining the WTO, she worked with Oxfam International's Geneva Office as a Trade Policy Advisor and before that, with the South Centre as a Program Officer on Trade in Services. In both roles, she was responsible for providing technical negotiation support to LDCs and developing countries in, inter alia, the GATS Mode 4 negotiations. Prior to that, she represented her country in the WTO's Doha negotiations; notably in the areas of services, intellectual property and special and differential treatment. Her research interests are in the development aspects of WTO law and in trade in services: the latter being the subject of several of her publications. Dr Kategekwa approaches this research with the advantage of a practitioner's perspective.

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Finance, Business & Banking