Millimeter-wave Integrated Technologies in the Era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution

  • Wynand Lambrechts
  • Saurabh Sinha

Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 679)

About this book


This peer-reviewed book explores the technologies driving broadband internet connectivity in the fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0). It particularly focuses on potential solutions to introduce these technologies in emerging markets and rural areas, regions that typically form part of the digital divide and often have under-developed telecommunications infrastructures, a lack of skilled workers, and geographical restrictions that limit broadband connectivity. Research shows that ubiquitous internet access boosts socio-economic growth through innovations in science and technology, with the common goal of bringing positive change to the lives of individuals. Fifth-generation (5G) networks based on millimeter-wave (mm-wave) frequency information transfer have the potential to provide future-proof, affordable and sustainable broadband connectivity in areas where previous-generation mobile networks were unable to do so. This book discusses the principles of various technologies that enable electronic circuits to operate at mm-wave frequencies. It examines the importance of identifying, describing, and analyzing technology from a purely technological standpoint, but also acknowledges and investigates the challenges and limitations of introducing such technologies in emerging markets. Presenting recent research, the book spearheads participation in Industry 4.0 in these areas.


broadband connectivity fourth industrial revolution Industry 4.0 internet of things millimeter-wave techno-economics last mile connectivity

Authors and affiliations

  • Wynand Lambrechts
    • 1
  • Saurabh Sinha
    • 2
  1. 1.University of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa
  2. 2.University of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Engineering Engineering (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-50471-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-50472-4
  • Series Print ISSN 1876-1100
  • Series Online ISSN 1876-1119
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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