© 2020

Designing for Inclusion

Inclusive Design: Looking Towards the Future

  • Patrick Langdon
  • Jonathan Lazar
  • Ann Heylighen
  • Hua Dong
Conference proceedings CWUAAT 2020

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Reconciling Usability, Accessibility and Inclusive Design

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. G. A. Giannoumis, C. Paupini
      Pages 13-20
  3. Designing Inclusive Assistive and Rehabilitation Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 21-21
    2. S. Tullio-Pow, K. Schaefer, J. Nyhof-Young, M. Strickfaden
      Pages 23-34
    3. M. Strickfaden, C. Fiorentino, M. Martin, J. Eales, J. Fast
      Pages 35-46
    4. L. Liu, Y. Jiang, H. Dong, T. C. Lee, Q. Y. Liu
      Pages 47-55
  4. Measuring Product Demand and Peoples’ Capabilities

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 57-57
    2. L. Begley, H. Dong
      Pages 59-67
    3. M. Smyth, C. Barber, E. Zitkus
      Pages 68-76
  5. Designing Cognitive Interaction with Emerging Technologies

  6. Designing Inclusive Architecture: Buildings and Spaces

  7. Data and Inclusion: User Profiling

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 123-123

Other volumes

  1. Designing for Inclusion
    Inclusive Design: Looking Towards the Future
  2. Usability, Accessibility and Inclusive Design

About these proceedings


This proceedings book presents papers from the 10th Cambridge Workshops on Universal Access and Assistive Technology. The CWUAAT series of workshops have celebrated a long history of interdisciplinarity, including design disciplines, computer scientists, engineers, architects, ergonomists, ethnographers, ethicists, policymakers, practitioners, and user communities. This reflects the wider increasing realisation over the long duration of the series that design for inclusion is not limited to technology, engineering disciplines, and computer science but instead requires an interdisciplinary approach. The key to this is providing a platform upon which the different disciplines can engage and see each other’s antecedents, methods, and point of view.

This proceedings book of the 10th CWUAAT conference presents papers in a variety of topics including

  • Reconciling usability, accessibility, and inclusive design;
  • Designing inclusive assistive and rehabilitation systems;
  • Designing cognitive interaction with emerging technologies;
  • Designing inclusive architecture;
  • Data mining and visualising inclusion;
  • Legislation, standards, and policy in inclusive design;
  • Situational inclusive interfaces; and
  • The historical perspective: 20 years of CWUAAT.

CWUAAT has always aimed to be inclusive in the fields that it invites to the workshop. We must include social science, psychologies, anthropologies, economists, politics, governance, and business. This requirement is now energised by imminent new challenges arising from techno-social change. In particular, artificial intelligence, wireless technologies, and the Internet of Things generate a pressing need for more socially integrated projects with operational consequences on individuals in the built environment and at all levels of design and society. Business cases and urgent environmental issues such as sustainability and transportation should now be a focus point for inclusion in an increasingly challenging world. This proceedings book continues the goal of designing for inclusion, as set out by the CWUAAT when it first started.


Inclusive design Universal accessibility Assistive technology Human-computer interaction Rehabilitation engineering Architectural Inclusion Governance and Policy of Inclusion Automotive engineering

Editors and affiliations

  • Patrick Langdon
    • 1
  • Jonathan Lazar
    • 2
  • Ann Heylighen
    • 3
  • Hua Dong
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of EngineeringUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  2. 2.College of Information StudiesUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  3. 3.Department of ArchitectureKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  4. 4.School of Design and Creative ArtsLoughborough UniversityLoughboroughUK

About the editors

Patrick Langdon is an experimental psychologist who has contributed to cognitive science, artificial intelligence, robotics, and psychophysics. Now at the Cambridge University Engineering Design Centre, his most recent research has been in inclusive user-centred design, interaction design, prior experience, and multimodal interface profiling from cognitive modelling. Dr. Langdon was primary author and co-investigator of the successful EPSRC EQUAL “i~design 3” consortium project; “Extending Active Living Through More Effective Inclusive Design” (2006-2011), which he also managed. He was invited to join phase 2 of the (EPSRC/DST) India-UK Advanced Technology Centre, a centre of excellence for next generation network systems and services, where, with a team of recruited research associates, he has built on recent success developing UI technology to support adaptive user interfaces that are accessible to the wider range of users, having impact in both the UK and India. Pat Langdon recently Co-PI of a number of EPSRC and industry funded projects, all concerned with user-centred design for new human–machine interfaces, in the application areas of automotive, aerospace, and wireless communications in emergencies. He is currently Professor of Engineering Design, Transportation, and Inclusion at Edinburgh Napier University and head of the Transport Research Institute in the School of Engineering and the Built Environment.

Jonathan Lazar, PhD, LLM is a professor in the College of Information Studies (iSchool) at the University of Maryland. Previously, for 19 years he was a professor of computer and information sciences at Towson University, where he served as director of the information systems program for 14 years. Dr. Lazar has previously authored, co-authored, or edited 12 books, including Research Methods in Human-Computer Interaction (2nd edition), Ensuring Digital Accessibility Through Process and Policy, and Disability, Human Rights, and Information Technology. He has published over 140 refereed articles in journals, conference proceedings, and edited books, and is the recipient of the 2019 Rachel Olivero Accessibility Innovation Award from the National Federation of the Blind of Maryland, the 2017 University System of Maryland Board of Regents Faculty Award for Excellence in Research and the 2016 ACM SIGCHI Social Impact Award. In 2012-2013, he was selected as the Shutzer Fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University. At the University of Maryland, Dr. Lazar is the associate director of the Trace Research and Development Center, the nation’s oldest research center on technology and disability, and he is a faculty member in the Human-Computer Interaction Lab (HCIL). Dr. Lazar has also been named the general chair of the ACM ASSETS 2021 Conference.

Ann Heylighen is a Professor in the Research[x]Design group of the Department of Architecture at KU Leuven (University of Leuven). Her main research interests are situated at the interface of design studies and social sciences/humanities. She is particularly interested in issues concerning inclusivity and is currently leading several research projects on dialogues between architectural design and disability. Ann was awarded several research grants, including a Starting Grant and Proof-of-Concept Grant of the European Research Council. She is a Fellow of the Design Research Society, associate editor of Design Studies, and member of the editorial board of CoDesign and of Building Research and Information. Ann studied engineering/architecture at KU Leuven and ETH Zürich. After completing her Ph.D. at KU Leuven, she conducted postdoctoral research at Harvard University and the University of California, Berkeley.

Hua Dong is a Professor at the College of Design and Innovation, Tongji University. She had 12-year research and teaching experience in the UK (postdoctoral researcher at the University of Cambridge and Royal College of Art, and Senior Lecturer at Brunel University, London). Hua studied design at the College of Architectural Design and Urban Planning, Tongji University, with a B.Eng. in Industrial Design and M.A. in Architectural Design and Theory. She obtained her Ph.D. degree from the University of Cambridge. Hua has published over 100 papers and has been a Principal Investigator for a number of research projects in the UK and China. She is directly involved in the teaching of design at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Hua founded the Inclusive Design Research Group at Brunel University and Tongji University. She is the international coordinator of the Inclusive Design Research Interest Group (InclusiveSIG) and serves as a council member of the Design Research Society (DRS).

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