© 2020

Education and Development

Outcomes for Equality and Governance in Africa

  • Muna B. Ndulo
  • N'Dri T. Assié-Lumumba

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxv
  2. Parfait M. Eloundou-Enyegue, Sarah S. Giroux, Michel Tenikue
    Pages 25-45
  3. Frans Swanepoel, Aldo Stroebel, Melody Mentz-Coetzee
    Pages 79-107
  4. Melody Mentz-Coetzee, Aldo Stroebel, Frans Swanepoel
    Pages 199-221
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 253-272

About this book


This edited volume addresses a critical aspect of development in Africa: the intersection between education and governance. Using case studies and experiences from different parts of the continent, this book assesses how the potential for human resources, in terms of education, can be leveraged in the development process to achieve equity, inclusive development and governance outcomes in Africa. This book builds on the "resource curse" to focus on human resources as an alternative paradigm to sustainable development in Africa. At a time when concerns over access to quality education is an important issue among policy makers and international development agents, this timely project calls attention to one of the most critical aspects of development in Africa.


Development Economics African Development African Education Inequality Benin Free Tuition Policy Agricultural Economics Human Capital Development

Editors and affiliations

  • Muna B. Ndulo
    • 1
  • N'Dri T. Assié-Lumumba
    • 2
  1. 1.Cornell Law SchoolCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  2. 2.Africana Studies and Research CenterCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

About the editors

Muna B. Ndulo is William Nelson Cromwell Professor of International and Comparative Law at Cornell Law School, USA. He is also the Elizabeth and Arthur Reich Director of the Leo and Arvilla Berger International Legal Studies Program, Cornell Law School and Director of the Institute for African Development, Cornell University. He is an internationally recognized scholar in the fields of constitution making, governance, human rights, and foreign direct investment. He has consulted in constitution making in Kenya, Zimbabwe, and Somalia. He is a graduate of the University of Zambia (LLB), Harvard University, (LLM) and Trinity College, Oxford, (DPhil).

N’Dri T. Assié-Lumumba is Professor of African, African Diaspora and Comparative/International Education and the study of gender at the Africana Studies and Research Center, Cornell University, USA.  She is a fellow of the World Academy of Art and Sciences and the President of the World Council of Comparative Education Societies (WCCES). She studied at Universite’ d’ Abidjan, Université Lyon II (History and Sociology; MA), and Universite’ Laval, and holds a PhD in Comparative Education (Economics and Sociology) from the University of Chicago. She has published extensively on higher education, equity, gender, ICT, and knowledge production.

Bibliographic information

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“Anyone involved in the development of human capital in Africa will treasure this book. The volume brings together three essential elements for the continent’s transformation in the 21 century—policies prioritizing education for skills development over ownership of natural resources; taking advantage of the continent’s youthful population to reap the demographic dividend for efficient management of economic and social resources to increase competitiveness in the world economy; participation in governance for eradicating poverty, promoting human rights, and securing peace and stability. The chapters challenge us to think critically about the iron triangle of education—access, quality and cost. And if you are in any way concerned with the future of Africa’s development trajectory, you owe it to yourself to read this book.” (Yaw Oheneba-Sakyi, Founding Dean, School of Continuing Education at the University of Ghana)

“The volume is a must read for scholars, students and practitioners who are eager to think critically about education in Africa and to devise ways of unleashing its powerful capacity to foster political and economic development.” (Mamoudou Gazibo, Professor of Political Science, University of Montreal)

“This book makes an important contribution to research on education in relation to inequality, marginality and governance in Africa in the aftermath of the structural adjustment programs of the 1990s. The chapters are enriched by country case studies which delve into empirical evidence between educational policies and outcomes. Scholars and policy makers will benefit from the practical suggestions that come out of this work.” (Marja Hinfelaar, Director of Research and Programs, Southern African Institute for Policy and Research (SAIPAR))

“This book is both insightful and provocative. Written by economists, educators and policy analysts, the book argues that in an unequal society, education, on its own, cannot bring about good governance and equality. To transform society, education must be used more strategically as a tool of public policy. Marginalized groups will require targeted support to benefit from education policy initiatives for raising productivity, and/or enhancing skills. I recommend the book for its breadth of coverage and lucidity of argument.” (Steve Kayizzi-Mugerwa, Former Acting Vice President, Africa Development Bank)

“This book represents a significant contribution to the study of education in Africa. It convincingly connects education to economic development and growth. The book takes a multidisciplinary approach to the issues and touches on political economy, governance, economic development, vulnerability and equity. It has a cross generational take on education spanning early childhood to tertiary education. It gives voice to very important segments of society such as girls, youth and teachers.” (Malak Zaalouk, Professor of Practice, American University in Cairo)